Doing the dishes (Sakanan) — 09


បន្ទាប់មករូបភាពទីនៅក្នុងរូបភាពទីយើងឃើញក្រោយពីគាត់ដុសខ្លាំងដុសចាននោះខ្លាំងម្ដងទៀតហើយ អញ្ចឹងគាត់ដុសចាននោះឡើងវិញម្ដងទៀតដោយខ្លាំងជាងមុន ដោយគាត់ប្រើកម្លាំងខ្លាំងជាងមុន ហើយគាត់បានដុសមួយសន្ទុះ ក្រោយមកគាត់ក៏បានលើកចាននោះពិនិត្យមើលម្ដងទៀត អញ្ចឹងគាត់យកដៃឆ្វេងរបស់គាត់កាន់ចាន ហើយលើកឡើង ហើយភ្នែករបស់គាត់សម្លឹងទៅមើលចាន ហើយពិនិត្យ អញ្ចឹងលើកនេះគាត់មានទឹកមុខញញឹម ដោយសារតែចាននោះគឺភ្លឺ បានន័យថាគាត់ដុសអស់ស្នាមប្រឡាក់ហើយ អញ្ចឹងយើងឃើញចានរបស់គាត់គឺមានពន្លឺចែងចាំង បានន័យថាពន្លឺចែងចាំង បានន័យថាអស់ស្នាមប្រឡាក់ និងមានទឹកតិចដែលស្រក់ចុះមក ដោយសារតែគាត់លាងនឹងទឹកសាប៊ូ ដូច្នេះចាននឹងសើម ហើយមានទឹកស្រក់ចុះមកជាក់ជាពុំខាន ប៉ុន្តែអ្វីដែលសំខាន់គឺចានរបស់គាត់ គាត់បានដុសស្អាតហើយ អញ្ចឹងគាត់អង្គុយពិនិត្យមើលចានរបស់គាត់ ដោយយកដៃឆ្វេងលើកចាននោះឡើងលើ ហើយដៃស្ដាំកាន់អេប៉ុងដើម្បីដុសសម្អាតចាន

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
ក្រោយ kraoy 1. behind, after
2. next
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
គាត់ koat he, she
ដុស doh 1. to scrub, to polish
2. to rub (off), to wipe (off)
3. to chafe
ខ្លាំង klaŋ 1. strong, vigorous, robust
2. very much, strongly, vigorously
ចាន caan plate, bowl, dish
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
ម្ដងទៀត mdɑɑŋ tiət once more, again
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
ឡើងវិញ laəŋ vɨɲ following a verb: [verb] again
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
ជាង cieŋ 1. more than
2. marks the comparative degree of an adjective {ល្អជាង = better}
មុន mun 1. previous(ly), former(ly) {ខែមុន = last month}
2. first, before {ញ៉ាំមុនចុះ = Go ahead and eat first!}
ប្រើ praə to use
កម្លាំង kɑmlaŋ force, power, strength, energy, vigor, authority, influence
Notes: root: ខ្លាំង; also written កំឡាំង
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
សន្ទុះ sɑntuh 1. a while, moment
2. leap, bound, burst, spurt
ក្រោយមក kraoy mɔɔk later, afterward
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
លើក lǝǝk 1. to lift, to raise {លើកដៃសំពះ = to raise the hands in a greeting or respectful gesture} {លើករបស់ = to lift something} {លើកទូរស័ព្ទ = to pick up the phone}
2. time, occasion, session {លើកមុន = last time}
ពិនិត្យមើល piʔnɨt məəl 1. to examine
2. to observe, to watch, to keep an eye on
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
ដៃ day arm, hand
ឆ្វេង cvejŋ direction: left
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
កាន់ kan 1. to hold, carry in the hand, grasp, hang on to
2. to control, be in charge of, be responsible for
3. to withstand, support, sustain, bear
4. to hold to, believe in, keep/observe (e.g., a religion) {កាន់សាសនាព្រះពុទ្ធ = to believe in Buddhism}
5. (of a spirit) to possess
ឡើង laəŋ 1. to go up, ascend
2. (of aircraft) to take off
3. to rise, get up
4. to climb
5. to get on/board (a means of transport)
6. to go upstream
7. to ferment, rise (of dough)
8. to increase
9. up, upwards
10. upstream
11. increasingly
12. on
13. often occurs as a verb complement in various meanings
ភ្នែក pnɛɛk 1. eye
2. cell on the skin of a pineapple
3. future
4. to be next, forthcoming
សម្លឹង samlǝŋ to gaze, to stare
Notes: root: ស្លឹង; also written សំឡឹង
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
មើល məəl 1. to look at, to watch, to watch for, to observe
2. particle: come on, give it a try
3. let me see!
4. phrase-final: softens a command or request {ជួយបង្ហាញតិចមើល = Please show me!}
ពិនិត្យ piʔnɨt 1. to inspect, check, examine
2. to observe, investigate
3. to diagnose
4. to censor
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ទឹកមុខ tɨk muk facial expression, mood
ញញឹម ɲɔɲɨm to smile
ដោយសារតែ daoy saa tae because
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
ភ្លឺ plɨɨ 1. daybreak, early morning
2. to shine, give off light
3. to be clear, bright, distinct, perceptible
4. dike (separating rice fields), dam, embankment
បានន័យថា baan ney tʰaa 1. that means, in other words
2. to mean
អស់ ʔɑh 1. to consume, use up, run low/short (of something) {អស់ហើយ = [a product, food etc.] finished/sold out}
2. to end, finish, terminate, come to an end
3. entirety, completeness, wholeness
4. to be complete, whole
5. entirely, completely
6. all (of), the whole (of)
7. to have to spend {អស់ម៉ាម៉ឺនទទេ = I had to pay 10’000 for no reason!}
ស្នាម snaam 1. trace, track, (foot)print
2. mark, scar, impression, imprint
3. vestige, remains
4. excavation
5. sports ground, court (e.g., tennis court), stage, ring
6. race track
7. battlefield
ប្រឡាក់ prɑlak 1. dirty, soiled, stained
2. salty
3. to marinate, to salt (in order to preserve)
ពន្លឺ pʊənlɨɨ light, ray/flash of light, illumination, brightness
ចែងចាំង caeŋ caŋ shining
Notes: equivalent: ចាំងចែង
និង nɨŋ and
ទឹក tɨk 1. water, juice, liquid
2. round (e.g., of a boxing match)
តិច təc 1. to be few (in number), small (in size or extent), less
2. a little bit, somewhat
3. phrase-final: makes a request more polite {ចង់ពឹងឲ្យជួយលើកអីវ៉ាន់តិច = Can you please help me carrying these things?} {ខ្ញុំសុំលអាវនេះតិចបានអេ៎? = Can I try on this shirt here, please?}
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
ស្រក់ srɑk 1. to drip, to drop, to fall in drops, to trickle
2. to flow
ចុះ coh 1. down
2. to descend, go down
3. bus etc.: to get off
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
លាង lieŋ 1. to wash, to clean (with a liquid)
2. to purify, to clear
នឹង nɨŋ with, by (means of), (attached) to
សាប៊ូ saabuu soap
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
នឹង nɨŋ future tense marker: will, about to
សើម saəm damp, humid, wet, moist
ជាក់ជា ceak cie surely
ពុំខាន pum kʰaan without fail, without a doubt, certainly
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
អ្វី ʔvəy 1. what?
2. anything, something, nothing
សំខាន់ sɑmkʰan 1. to be important, essential, crucial, principal
2. magnificent, superb, remarkable, excellent, exemplary, model
ស្អាត sʔaat 1. to be clean, nice, neat
2. pure, chaste
3. smart (of someone's appearance)
4. nice-looking, beautiful
អង្គុយ ʔɑŋkuy to sit, to sit down
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
ស្ដាំ sdam direction: right
Notes: ជើង ដ
អេប៉ុង ʔejpoŋ sponge
Notes: source: antkh.com
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
សម្អាត sɑmʔaat 1. to clean {ដើម្បីសម្អាតវាឲ្យបានស្អាត = in order to clean it} {បោកសម្អាតខោអាវ = to wash the clothes clean}
2. to clean up, to sweep
3. to groom
Notes: root: ស្អាត; also written សំអាត