Doing the dishes (Sakanan) — 06


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទីនៅក្នុងរូបភាពទីយើងឃើញថា បន្ទាប់ពីក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់នោះ គាត់បានលាយទឹកសាប៊ូចូលទៅក្នុងចានដែកពណ៌បៃតងរួចរាល់ហើយ គាត់ក៏បានយកអេប៉ុង ឬក៏ប្រដាប់ដុសចាន យកមកដុសចានរបស់គាត់ ដោយគាត់ជ្រលក់អេប៉ុងនោះចូលទៅក្នុងទឹកសាប៊ូ បន្ទាប់មកគាត់យកមកដុសចាន ដោយដាក់ចាននៅលើជង្គង់របស់គាត់ អញ្ចឹងគាត់ដាក់ចានពណ៌ក្រហមមួយ ចានគោម ឬក៏ចានដាក់ទឹកសម្លពណ៌ក្រហម ដាក់នៅលើជង្គង់ បន្ទាប់មកគាត់យកអេប៉ុងឬក៏ប្រដាប់លាងចានមកដុសខាងក្នុងចានរបស់គាត់ ដោយគាត់ជ្រលក់អេប៉ុងឬក៏ប្រដាប់លាងចាននោះ ចូលទៅក្នុងទឹកសាប៊ូឬក៏យកមកដុស អញ្ចឹងគាត់ខំប្រឹងដុសយ៉ាងខ្លាំង ដោយដុសចាននោះជារង្វង់ ដោយគាត់យកដៃគាត់ដុសជារង្វង់មូលនៅក្នុងចាននោះ ដើម្បីដុសសម្អាតជាតិខ្លាញ់នៅក្នុងចាន អញ្ចឹងយើងឃើញនៅក្បែរគាត់ គឺមានធុងចំនួនដែលកំពុងតែដាក់ចានប្រឡាក់ ហើយគាត់បានដុសចាននោះម្ដងមួយដើម្បីសម្អាតវាឲ្យបានស្អាត ព្រោះថាគាត់ស៊ីឈ្នួលលាងចានគេ អញ្ចឹងគាត់ទទួលប្រាក់ខែ ដូច្នេះគាត់ត្រូវតែធ្វើការឲ្យគេឲ្យបានស្អាត និងឲ្យបានល្អ ដើម្បីឲ្យម្ចាស់ហាងមានការទំនុកចិត្តទៅលើគាត់ ជាក់ស្ដែងនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះ គឺគាត់កំពុងតែដុសចានដោយយកចិត្តទុកដាក់បំផុត

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
បន្ទាប់ពី bɑntoap pii after, next
ក្មេងប្រុស kmejŋ proh boy
ម្នាក់ mneak 1. one person (contraction of មួយនាក់)
2. alone
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
គាត់ koat he, she
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
លាយ liey 1. to mix, blend, stir together, combine
2. to mix up, confuse
3. to scatter
4. to melt, dissolve
5. to be blended, mixed
6. to be liquid
7. track, trace, mark, line
8. pattern of lines on the palm of the hand
9. kind of fishing trap made of bamboo
ទឹក tɨk 1. water, juice, liquid
2. round (e.g., of a boxing match)
សាប៊ូ saabuu soap
ចូល coul 1. to enter, go in, penetrate
2. to approach
3. to reach
4. to begin, set in
5. may indicate the adverbial meaning of ‘inwardly’ or ‘forwardly’ directed movement
6. to enter into, subscribe to, contribute to
7. to take in (as revenue)
8. to mate (of animals)
9. to go into a trance (of a medium)
10. to possess (as a spirit possesses a medium)
11. to agree with
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ចានដែក caan daek metal wash tub
ពណ៌ poa color, complexion
បៃតង baytɑɑŋ color: green (e.g., as banana leaves)
រួចរាល់ ruəc roal 1. to finish, to complete
2. completely
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
អេប៉ុង ʔejpoŋ sponge
Notes: source: antkh.com
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
ប្រដាប់ prɑdap 1. tool, instrument, implement, utensil, device (widely used to form new words for various kinds of modern mechanical devices such as bottle openers, mine detectors, and stethoscopes)
2. the male genitals
3. to prepare, get ready, set up
4. to fit out, equip
5. to regulate, adjust, put right, put in good order
6. to arrange
7. to decorate, adorn
8. clf. for complete sets (e.g., of clothing)
9. series, assortment, collection, pack (e.g., of cards)
ដុស doh 1. to scrub, to polish
2. to rub (off), to wipe (off)
3. to chafe
ចាន caan plate, bowl, dish
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
ជ្រលក់ crɔlʊək 1. to dip (into a liquid)
2. to soak
ដាក់ dak 1. to put, place
2. to deposit
3. to add (ingredients)
4. to set (e.g., a trap)
5. to establish
6. to assign
7. to locate, settle, station
8. to lock up
9. to fasten
10. to use
11. to strike, hit hard
12. to affect
13. to subject someone to
14. to be hard hit, suffer a setback
15. to have bad luck, cause bad luck
16. to feel unwell, have an upset stomach (especially after eating certain fruits)
17. to contract for
18. to subscribe to
19. to renounce (a throne)
20. to put aside (religious vows)
21. in, into, on
22. to eat, drink
23. to kneel
24. command to an elephant to kneel by bending the rear legs
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
ជង្គង់ cʊəŋkʊəŋ knee
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
ក្រហម krɑhɑɑm color: red
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ចានគោម caan koom kind of large bowl (especially one used as a soup tureen)
សម្ល sɑmlɑɑ soup
លាងចាន lieŋ caan to do/wash the dishes
ខាងក្នុង kʰaaŋ knoŋ 1. inside, within
2. interior, inner, internal
Notes: also stand for 'inside the house'
ខំប្រឹង kʰɑm prəŋ to try hard, to make every effort
យ៉ាង yaaŋ 1. kind, type, way, manner
2. clf. for kinds, types
3. pre-adjectival particle forming adverbial phrases {យ៉ាងខ្លី = briefly}
4. pre-adjectival particle, similar to ដ៏, used to connect an attributive to a noun, it often has a slight emphatic meaning: very
ខ្លាំង klaŋ 1. strong, vigorous, robust
2. very much, strongly, vigorously
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
រង្វង់ rʊəŋvʊəŋ 1. circle, round/circular marking, round opening/frame
2. cycle, circuit
3. curve
4. edge, brim
5. interior side (of a round object or container)
ដៃ day arm, hand
មូល muul 1. to be round, spherical
2. to be whole, entire
3. to be compact, solid
4. to assemble, gather, unite
5. to concentrate
6. to sum up
7. kind of fishing spear or harpoon
8. origin, root, source
9. basis, base, foundation, essence
10. beginning, birth
11. capital (funds)
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
សម្អាត sɑmʔaat 1. to clean {ដើម្បីសម្អាតវាឲ្យបានស្អាត = in order to clean it} {បោកសម្អាតខោអាវ = to wash the clothes clean}
2. to clean up, to sweep
3. to groom
Notes: root: ស្អាត; also written សំអាត
ជាតិ ciet 1. matter, substance, material, essence, essential constituent {ជាតិទឹក = to be liquid, fluid} {ជាតិខ្លាញ់ = to be oily, greasy} {ម្នាស់មានជាតិអាស៊ីតច្រើន = pineapples have a lot of acid/are acidic/are quite sour}
2. flavor, taste
3. genuine or true state of anything
4. birth, nation, race, line, nationality
ខ្លាញ់ klaɲ 1. fat, grease, lard
2. oil
ក្បែរ kbae to be near, close to
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ធុង tʰuŋ 1. (large) barrel/can, bucket, tank
2. box
3. clf. for barrels, etc.
ចំនួន cɑmnuən amount, number, quantity
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
កំពុងតែ kɑmpuŋ tae to be in the process of (doing something)
ប្រឡាក់ prɑlak 1. dirty, soiled, stained
2. salty
3. to marinate, to salt (in order to preserve)
ម្ដង mdɑɑŋ 1. one time, once
2. for a change
Notes: contraction of មួយដង
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
ស្អាត sʔaat 1. to be clean, nice, neat
2. pure, chaste
3. smart (of someone's appearance)
4. nice-looking, beautiful
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
ស៊ីឈ្នួល sii cnuəl 1. to work for someone, go into domestic service, take a job (usually menial)
2. to be an employee (usually referring to a servant)
3. to live on wages
4. to work for hire
5. hired mercenary
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
ទទួល tɔtuəl 1. to receive, to take
2. to accept, to agree
3. to meet (e.g., at an airport or station)
ប្រាក់ខែ prak kʰae salary
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
ត្រូវតែ trəv tae have to, must, should, ought to
ធ្វើការ tvəə kaa to work
និង nɨŋ and
ល្អ lʔɑɑ 1. good, nice, beautiful, pretty
2. correct, proper
ម្ចាស់ mcah boss, owner, master
ហាង haaŋ store, shop
ការ kaa 1. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
2. work, occupation
3. business, affair, matter
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ទំនុកចិត្ត tumnuk cət confidence, trust
Notes: source: glosbe; see also ទំនុកទុកចិត្ត
ជាក់ស្ដែង ceak sdaeŋ 1. clear, sure
2. clearly, surely, obviously
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
យកចិត្តទុកដាក់ yɔɔk cət tuk dak to work hard at something, to be deeply involved in some work, to pay close attention to, to do something seriously
Notes: ជើង ត
បំផុត bɑmpʰot 1. to be the most..., the very..., extreme, extraordinary
2. to terminate, to end, to finish, to conclude
3. final, last