Doing the dishes (Sakanan) — 04


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទីនៅក្នុងរូបភាពទីយើងឃើញថា ដើម្បីលាងចានបាន យើងត្រូវតែប្រើប្រាស់ទឹក អញ្ចឹងគាត់ក៏បានបើកទឹកម៉ាស៊ីន ដើម្បីដាក់ចូលចានដែកទាំងឬក៏កន្ធន់ទាំងអញ្ចឹងកន្ធន់ពណ៌បៃតង គាត់កំពុងតែបើកទឹកដាក់ ចំណែកឯកន្ធន់ពណ៌លឿង គឺគាត់បានបើកទឹកដាក់ពេញរួចហើយ អញ្ចឹងដើម្បីលាងចានឲ្យបានស្អាត យើងត្រូវតែលាងម្ដងជម្រះទឹក ដើម្បីឲ្យបានស្អាត ព្រោះពេលខ្លះចានប្រឡាក់ខ្លាំង អញ្ចឹងយើងអត់អាចលាងមួយទឹកបានទេ ហើយទឹកដែលក្មេងប្រុសនេះកំពុងតែប្រើប្រាស់ គឺអាចចេញមកពីប្រភពទឹករដ្ឋ បានន័យថាគាត់លក់នៅកន្លែងចិញ្ចើមផ្លូវពិតមែន ក៏ប៉ុន្តែក្បែរនោះគឺមានប្រភពទឹកម៉ាស៊ីន អញ្ចឹងគាត់អាចទុយោ ឬក៏ទុយោចេញពីកន្លែងប្រភពទឹក ឬក៏ផ្ទះអ្នកជិតខាងដែលនៅក្បែរនោះ ដើម្បីប្រើប្រាស់ទឹករបស់គេ ហើយគាត់គ្រាន់តែបង់ថ្លៃឈ្នួលទឹកដែលគាត់ប្រើប្រាស់នោះ ទៅឲ្យម្ចាស់ផ្ទះ ឬក៏ទៅឲ្យរដ្ឋគឺជាការស្រេច អញ្ចឹងគាត់អត់ចាំបាច់លំបាក ដើម្បីយួរទឹកមកពីផ្ទះ ឬក៏យួរទឹកតាមរទេះមីរបស់គាត់នោះទេ ដោយគាត់គ្រាន់តែបន្តទឹកចេញពីផ្ទះអ្នកជិតខាងនោះ គឺជាការស្រេចតែម្ដងដើម្បីប្រើប្រាស់ទឹកអញ្ចឹងរូបភាពនេះ ក្មេងប្រុសនោះ គាត់ក៏បានបើកទឹកម៉ាស៊ីន ដើម្បីដាក់ចូលចានដែកទាំងសម្រាប់ធ្វើការលាងចាន

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
លាងចាន lieŋ caan to do/wash the dishes
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ត្រូវតែ trəv tae have to, must, should, ought to
ប្រើប្រាស់ praə prah to use
ទឹក tɨk 1. water, juice, liquid
2. round (e.g., of a boxing match)
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
គាត់ koat he, she
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
បើក baək 1. to open {បើកប្រអប់ = to open a box} {បើកហាង = to open a shop}
2. to turn on (e.g., a light, faucet, radio) {បើកទឹកម៉ាស៊ីន = to turn on the water/faucet}
3. of the sun: to shine
4. to drive (an automobile), generally to operate a vehicle which is powered by an engine
ទឹកម៉ាស៊ីន tɨk maasɨn tap water
ដាក់ dak 1. to put, place
2. to deposit
3. to add (ingredients)
4. to set (e.g., a trap)
5. to establish
6. to assign
7. to locate, settle, station
8. to lock up
9. to fasten
10. to use
11. to strike, hit hard
12. to affect
13. to subject someone to
14. to be hard hit, suffer a setback
15. to have bad luck, cause bad luck
16. to feel unwell, have an upset stomach (especially after eating certain fruits)
17. to contract for
18. to subscribe to
19. to renounce (a throne)
20. to put aside (religious vows)
21. in, into, on
22. to eat, drink
23. to kneel
24. command to an elephant to kneel by bending the rear legs
ចូល coul 1. to enter, to go in
2. to agree with
ចានដែក caan daek metal wash tub
ទាំង teaŋ 1. all, both {ទាំងពីរ = both} {ទាំង ... ទាំង ... = both ... and ...}
2. entirely, completely
3. adverb marker equivalent to ដោយ
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
កន្ធន់ kɑntʰʊən a large flat bowl for washing clothes, doing the dishes etc.
Notes: no dictionary entries; spelling uncertain
ពណ៌ poa color, complexion
បៃតង baytɑɑŋ color: green (e.g., as banana leaves)
កំពុងតែ kɑmpuŋ tae to be in the process of (doing something)
ចំណែកឯ cɑmnaek ʔae as for, as to, regarding
លឿង lɨəŋ color: yellow
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
ពេញ pɨɲ 1. to be complete, full, filled up
2. to fill up
3. to be sufficient, satisfied, whole, entire
រួច ruəc 1. to finish, end, achieve, complete
2. indicates the possibility of completing the action of the main verb, to be able
3. already, then, after that
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
ស្អាត sʔaat 1. to be clean, nice, neat
2. pure, chaste
3. smart (of someone's appearance)
4. nice-looking, beautiful
លាង lieŋ 1. to wash, to clean (with a liquid)
2. to purify, to clear
ម្ដង mdɑɑŋ 1. one time, once
2. for a change
Notes: contraction of មួយដង
ជម្រះ cumreah 1. to clean, to clean up, to wash away dirt and dust
2. to level, scrape, clean off
3. to clear away, weed, cut off at the roots, to clear with a hoe
4. to purify
5. to discharge
6. to judge, resolve (a dispute), decide (a case)
7. to make a clear-cut decision
8. to review, to edit (a text)
Notes: root: ជ្រះ; also spelled ជំរះ
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
ពេលខ្លះ peel klah sometimes
ចាន caan plate, bowl, dish
ប្រឡាក់ prɑlak 1. dirty, soiled, stained
2. salty
3. to marinate, to salt (in order to preserve)
ខ្លាំង klaŋ 1. strong, vigorous, robust
2. very much, strongly, vigorously
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
មួយទឹក muəy tɨk secondhand
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of / to / in / at which / whom
3. the fact / reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever
ក្មេងប្រុស kmejŋ proh boy
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
ចេញ cəɲ 1. to leave, to go out, to depart
2. out, off, away (also figuratively) {ខ្ញុំគិតអត់ចេញ = I can't figure it out}
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
ប្រភព prɑpʰup 1. spring (of water)
2. source (of information, of a stream), origin, birthplace
3. basis, foundation
រដ្ឋ roat 1. state, nation, country
2. people (of a country)
បានន័យថា baan ney tʰaa 1. that means, in other words
2. to mean
លក់ lʊək 1. to sell
2. asleep {ដេកលក់ = to be sound asleep, to sleep deeply} {ដេកមិនលក់ = to not be able to fall asleep, to have insomnia}
កន្លែង kɑnlaeŋ 1. place, location, region
2. clf. for locations
ចិញ្ចើម cəɲcaəm 1. eyebrow
2. edge, border
3. curb, sidewalk, roadside
ផ្លូវ pləv 1. road, street, route
2. way, style, cause, matter
ពិតមែន pɨt mɛɛn 1. really, truly
2. even though
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
ក្បែរ kbae to be near, close to
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
tɑɑ 1. to connect, to link, to join together, to attach
2. to continue
3. one after another, from one to another {និយាយតៗគ្នា = to spread information by talking to each other}
ទុយោ tuyoo pipe, pipeline, hose, tube
ផ្ទះ pteah house, home, residence, building
អ្នកជិតខាង neak cɨt kʰaaŋ neighbour
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
គ្រាន់តែ kroan tae just, only, only just
បង់ bɑŋ 1. to pay, pay out, pay a tax or fee
2. to put, put in/on
3. to put in, deposit (e.g., money)
4. to spread/sprinkle (a granular substance such as salt) on
5. to cast/throw out (a net)
6. to discard, abandon
7. to lose
8. to waste, squander, do (something) in vain
9. to eliminate
10. bank
11. band (of a radio)
12. clf. for pinches of something
13. magazine, ammunition clip
14. clf. for boxes of cartridges
ថ្លៃ tlay 1. expensive, dear, valuable
2. cost, price, value
ឈ្នួល cnuəl 1. fee, rent
2. salary, pay
3. tip
4. monetary compensation
5. maid, servant, hired hand
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ម្ចាស់ mcah boss, owner, master
គឺជា kɨɨ cie 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
Notes: equivalent to គឺ
ការ kaa 1. work, occupation
2. business, affair, matter
3. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ស្រេច srac 1. to have done/finished/acomplished
2. to finish, complete
3. to be complete, prepared
4. already, entirely, fully, completely, sufficiently
ចាំបាច់ cam bac necessary, essential
លំបាក lumbaak 1. to be difficult, hard to do
2. unfortunate, ill-fated, miserable, suffering
3. difficulty, scarcity, misery, suffering
យួរ yuə to carry (by a handle)
តាម taam 1. to follow, to agree, to go along {ដើរតាមភ្ញៀវគ្រប់ជំហាន = to follow the customer’s every step}
2. according to, in accordance with, following, along, by, through {តាមអាយុ = according to age} {តាមសម្រួល = take it easy/take your time}
3. on, in, along {ជិះម៉ូតូតាមផ្លូវ = to ride a motorbike on the street} {ជិះតាមផ្លូវតូចៗ = to drive on small roads} {នៅតាមខេត្ត = in/throughout the province} {លក់នៅតាមផ្សារ = to sell in the market}
រទេះ rɔteh 1. cart, vehicle
2. wagon
មី mii 1. lo-mein vermicelli
2. dish prepared with lo-mein vermicelli
3. you (derogatory or intimate term of reference for a female corresponding to អា​ for a male, it may be used within the family as an intimate form, but it is very rude when used by an outsider)
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
បន្ត bɑntɑɑ 1. to continue (something), to keep on (doing something)
2. to add, to join
Notes: root: ត
ស្រេចតែ srac tae to depend un, to be up to (prep: + លើ)
សម្រាប់ sɑmrap 1. for
2. used for, used to (make or do something)
ធ្វើ tvəə to do, to make, to work, to prepare, to cultivate (a field)