Doing the dishes (Sakanan) — 03


បន្ទាប់មករូបភាពទីនៅក្នុងរូបភាពទីយើងឃើញថា បន្ទាប់ពីក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់នោះ គាត់ដើរប្រមូលចានពីលើតុគុយទាវដែលភ្ញៀវញ៉ាំរួចរាល់ហើយ គាត់ក៏បានយកធុងចំនួនដែលដាក់ចានប្រឡាក់នោះមកដាក់ក្បែរខ្លួនគាត់ ហើយគាត់អង្គុយលាងចាន អញ្ចឹងជាទូទៅការលក់គុយទាវដែលនៅតាមចិញ្ចើមផ្លូវបែបនេះ គឺយើងអត់មានកន្លែងលាងចានត្រឹមត្រូវនោះទេអញ្ចឹងគាត់អាចអង្គុយនៅតាមចិញ្ចើមផ្លូវ ដើម្បីលាងចានផងដែរ ដែលអង្គុយនៅក្បែររទេះគុយទាវ ឬក៏នៅក្រោយរទេះគុយទាវ ដើម្បីលាងចាន គឺគាត់អត់មានបន្ទប់សម្រាប់លាងចានទេ គឺគាត់លាងចានតាមចិញ្ចើមផ្លូវដូចគ្នា ដែលក្នុងរូបភាពនេះ យើងឃើញក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់នោះ គាត់ពាក់អាវពណ៌ប្រផេះ ខោជើងខ្លី អាវរបស់គាត់ដៃខ្លីដែរ គាត់អង្គុយនៅលើកូនកៅអីតូចមួយ ឬក៏កូនជើងម៉ាតូចមួយ ដែលគាត់អង្គុយ ដាក់ដៃទាំងពីររបស់គាត់ដាក់ទៅលើជង្គង់ ឬក៏អង្គុយក្ដោបក្បាលជង្គង់ ដោយគាត់សម្លឹងទៅមើលធុងចានប្រឡាក់ អញ្ចឹងនៅក្បែរខ្លួនគាត់គឺមានធុងចានប្រឡាក់ចំនួនដែលភ្ញៀវបានញ៉ាំគុយទាវរួច ឬក៏ញ៉ាំមីទឹកស៊ុបរួច ហើយចានទាំងអស់នោះគឺជាចានប្រឡាក់ ដែលលក់បានដាច់ទាំងអស់ អញ្ចឹងគឺ ហាងនោះគឺលក់ដាច់ អញ្ចឹងគឺមានចានប្រឡាក់ច្រើន ដែលគាត់ត្រូវលាង អញ្ចឹងនៅក្បែរខ្លួនគាត់គឺមានធុងចានប្រឡាក់ចំនួននិងមានចានដែក ឬក៏កន្ធន់ចំនួនផងដែរអញ្ចឹងគាត់មានកន្ធន់គឺកន្ធន់មួយពណ៌លឿង និងកន្ធន់មួយទៀតពណ៌បៃតងសម្រាប់លាងចាន អញ្ចឹងគាត់បានប្រមូលចានមកដាក់ក្បែរខ្លួនគាត់ទាំងអស់ហើយ បន្ទាប់មកគាត់ក៏ចាប់ផ្ដើមអង្គុយដើម្បីលាងចាន

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
បន្ទាប់ពី bɑntoap pii after, next
ក្មេងប្រុស kmejŋ proh boy
ម្នាក់ mneak 1. one person (contraction of មួយនាក់)
2. alone
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
គាត់ koat he, she
ដើរ daə 1. to walk, to go, to move
2. (of machines) to run
ប្រមូល prɑmoul to assemble, collect, gather, accumulate, concentrate
ចាន caan plate, bowl, dish
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
តុ tok 1. table, desk
2. small plate on legs for fruit or dessert
Notes: irregular pronunciation
គុយទាវ kuy tiev kind of noodle soup
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
ភ្ញៀវ pɲiəv 1. guest, visitor
2. client, customer
ញ៉ាំ ɲam to eat, to drink, to consume
Notes: informal, of oneself, addressing children or close friends but not elders
រួចរាល់ ruəc roal 1. to finish, to complete
2. completely
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
ធុង tʰuŋ 1. (large) barrel/can, bucket, tank
2. box
3. clf. for barrels, etc.
ចំនួន cɑmnuən amount, number, quantity
ដាក់ dak 1. to put, place
2. to deposit
3. to add (ingredients)
4. to set (e.g., a trap)
5. to establish
6. to assign
7. to locate, settle, station
8. to lock up
9. to fasten
10. to use
11. to strike, hit hard
12. to affect
13. to subject someone to
14. to be hard hit, suffer a setback
15. to have bad luck, cause bad luck
16. to feel unwell, have an upset stomach (especially after eating certain fruits)
17. to contract for
18. to subscribe to
19. to renounce (a throne)
20. to put aside (religious vows)
21. in, into, on
22. to eat, drink
23. to kneel
24. command to an elephant to kneel by bending the rear legs
ប្រឡាក់ prɑlak 1. dirty, soiled, stained
2. salty
3. to marinate, to salt (in order to preserve)
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
ក្បែរ kbae to be near, close to
ខ្លួន kluən 1. body, figure, person, self
2. reflexive pronoun: myself, yourself, himself etc.
អង្គុយ ʔɑŋkuy to sit, to sit down
លាងចាន lieŋ caan to do/wash the dishes
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
ជាទូទៅ cie tuu təv in general, as a whole, generally
ការ kaa 1. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
2. work, occupation
3. business, affair, matter
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
លក់ lʊək 1. to sell
2. asleep {ដេកលក់ = to be sound asleep, to sleep deeply} {ដេកមិនលក់ = to not be able to fall asleep, to have insomnia}
តាម taam 1. to follow, to agree, to go along {ដើរតាមភ្ញៀវគ្រប់ជំហាន = to follow the customer’s every step}
2. according to, in accordance with, following, along, by, through {តាមអាយុ = according to age} {តាមសម្រួល = take it easy/take your time}
3. on, in, along {ជិះម៉ូតូតាមផ្លូវ = to ride a motorbike on the street} {ជិះតាមផ្លូវតូចៗ = to drive on small roads} {នៅតាមខេត្ត = in/throughout the province} {លក់នៅតាមផ្សារ = to sell in the market}
ចិញ្ចើម cəɲcaəm 1. eyebrow
2. edge, border
3. curb, sidewalk, roadside
ផ្លូវ pləv 1. road, street, route
2. way, style, cause, matter
បែប baep kind, sort, model, type, style, form, shape, method, way
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
កន្លែង kɑnlaeŋ 1. place, location, region
2. clf. for locations
ត្រឹមត្រូវ trəm trəv correct, accurate, true
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
ផងដែរ pʰɑɑŋ dae also, too, as well
រទេះ rɔteh 1. cart, vehicle
2. wagon
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
ក្រោយ kraoy 1. behind, after
2. next
បន្ទប់ bɑntup room
សម្រាប់ sɑmrap 1. for
2. used for, used to (make or do something)
ដូចគ្នា douc knie 1. to be alike, like, just as, like each other, same, the same kind of thing, such as
2. + នឹង: to resemble
3. as a response to a good wish etc.: same to you
ពាក់ peak 1. to wear (shirt, hat, ring, shoes, but not pants)
2. to put on
3. to hang up, suspend, hang on
អាវ ʔaav shirt, blouse, coat, upper garment
ពណ៌ poa color, complexion
ប្រផេះ prɑpʰeh color: grey
ខោ kʰao pants, trousers
ជើង cəəŋ 1. foot, leg
2. base, bottom
3. edge
4. subscript form of a Cambodian consonant
5. immediate vicinity
6. north {ខាងជើង = north}
7. way, path, trip
8. clf. for trips or occurrences
9. to be an expert/veteran/skilled at + verb
ខ្លី kləy short (in length)
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
ដៃខ្លី day kləy short sleeve {ពាក់អាវសដៃខ្លី = [he's] wearing a white short sleeve shirt}
ដែរ dae 1. also, too, likewise, in the same way
2. indeed, quite, rather
3. marks a polite, gentler, less abrupt statement: all the same, even so, nevertheless
កូន koun 1. child (of someone, as opposed to ក្មេង = child in general)
2. animal baby, young
3. small member of a class or set, small object {កូនថង់ = small bag}
កៅអី kav ʔəy chair, seat
តូច touc, tuuc 1. small, little, tiny
2. minor
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ជើងម៉ា cəəŋ maa bench, stool
ដៃ day arm, hand
ទាំង teaŋ 1. all, both {ទាំងពីរ = both} {ទាំង ... ទាំង ... = both ... and ...}
2. entirely, completely
3. adverb marker equivalent to ដោយ
ពីរ pii, pɨl two
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ជង្គង់ cʊəŋkʊəŋ knee
ក្ដោប kdaop 1. to envelope, enclose
2. to seize
3. to hold with both hands
4. to fold up
Notes: ជើង ដ
ក្បាលជង្គង់ kbaal cʊəŋkʊəŋ knee, knee cap
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
សម្លឹង samlǝŋ to gaze, to stare
Notes: root: ស្លឹង; also written សំឡឹង
មើល məəl 1. to look at, to watch, to watch for, to observe
2. particle: come on, give it a try
3. let me see!
4. phrase-final: softens a command or request {ជួយបង្ហាញតិចមើល = Please show me!}
រួច ruəc 1. to finish, end, achieve, complete
2. indicates the possibility of completing the action of the main verb, to be able
3. already, then, after that
មី mii 1. lo-mein vermicelli
2. dish prepared with lo-mein vermicelli
3. you (derogatory or intimate term of reference for a female corresponding to អា​ for a male, it may be used within the family as an intimate form, but it is very rude when used by an outsider)
ទឹកស៊ុប tɨk sup 1. soup
2. broth, clear soup
ទាំងអស់ teaŋ ʔɑh all, all of
គឺជា kɨɨ cie 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
Notes: equivalent to គឺ
ដាច់ dac 1. detached, disconnected, cut off, separated, torn
2. to break apart, to separate
3. time periods: to end
4. to be ended
5. end, last part of
6. to be firm, resolute, determined, to be committed to a course of action
7. extremely, absolutely, firmly, positively, clearly
8. + verb: to be able to + verb
Notes: see also លក់ដាច់ = to sell well
ហាង haaŋ store, shop
លក់ដាច់ lʊək dac 1. to sell well
2. to market, to sell, to make a sale
ច្រើន craən 1. much, many, numerous, very much
2. mostly, often
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
លាង lieŋ 1. to wash, to clean (with a liquid)
2. to purify, to clear
និង nɨŋ and
ចានដែក caan daek metal wash tub
កន្ធន់ kɑntʰʊən a large flat bowl for washing clothes, doing the dishes etc.
Notes: no dictionary entries; spelling uncertain
លឿង lɨəŋ color: yellow
មួយទៀត muəy tiət one more, once more, moreover, on the other hand, furthermore
បៃតង baytɑɑŋ color: green (e.g., as banana leaves)
ចាប់ផ្ដើម cap pdaəm to begin, start
Notes: ជើង ដ