Doing the dishes (Sakanan) — 02


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទីរូបភាពទីគឺយើងឃើញមានក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់ ក្មេងប្រុសនោះ គាត់មានអាយុប្រហែល ១៥ ឆ្នាំ អញ្ចឹងគាត់នៅក្មេងទេ ក៏ប៉ុន្តែគាត់ត្រូវបានគេជួលមកឲ្យលាងចាន អញ្ចឹងក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់នោះ គាត់ស៊ីឈ្នួលលាងចាន យើងហៅថាស៊ីឈ្នួលលាងចាន ដោយគាត់យកប្រាក់ខែពីស្ត្រីម្ចាស់ហាងដែលលក់គុយទាវ អញ្ចឹងគាត់មកទីនេះ ដើម្បីលាងចានឲ្យស្ត្រីម្នាក់នោះ ដែលយើងឃើញគាត់កំពុងតែប្រមូលចានចេញពីលើតុ អញ្ចឹងនៅពេលដែលអតិថិជនរបស់គាត់ អតិថិជនរបស់ស្ត្រីអ្នកលក់ គាត់ហូបរួចហើយ គាត់ញ៉ាំរួចរាល់ហើយ អញ្ចឹងគាត់ទុកចាននៅលើតុ ដោយគាត់គ្រាន់តែបង់លុយទៅឲ្យស្ត្រីជាអ្នកលក់ ហើយគាត់អាចទៅកន្លែងផ្សេងទៀតបាន ដោយគាត់ពុំចាំបាច់យកចានទៅទុកនោះទេអញ្ចឹងក្រោយពេលដែលគេញ៉ាំហើយ គេឡើងចេញ ក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់ដែលជាកម្មករស៊ីឈ្នួលលាងចាន ឬក៏បុគ្គលិកលាងចាននោះ គាត់ក៏ដើរប្រមូលចានពីលើតុ ដើម្បីដាក់ទៅចូលទៅក្នុងធុងមួយ ដោយយើងឃើញនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះ គឺក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់នោះ គាត់កាន់ធុង ដៃម្ខាងរបស់គាត់គឺកាន់ធុង ដៃម្ខាងទៀតរបស់គាត់គឺយកចានប្រមូលពីលើតុដាក់ចូលទៅក្នុងធុង ដែលយើងឃើញ[...] ចាននៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះគឺមានពណ៌បៃតង ពណ៌ទឹកក្រូចជាច្រើន ហើយគាត់បានប្រមូលម្ដងមួយដាក់ចូលទៅក្នុងធុង ចំណែកឯនៅលើតុនៅសល់ចានទៀត គឺជាចានពណ៌បៃតង និងមានចង្កឹះ ម៉ាគូមួយគូនៅក្នុងចាននីមួយៗផងដែរ ដែលនៅលើតុនោះ ក៏យើងឃើញមានគ្រឿងផ្សំរសជាតិជាច្រើនផងដែរ ដែលដាក់នៅលើតុអញ្ចឹងក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់នេះ គាត់ប្រមូលចានពីលើតុ ដែលភ្ញៀវពិសាឬក៏ញ៉ាំគុយទាវរួចរាល់

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ក្មេងប្រុស kmejŋ proh boy
ម្នាក់ mneak 1. one person (contraction of មួយនាក់)
2. alone
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
គាត់ koat he, she
អាយុ ʔaayuʔ 1. to be ... years old
2. age
ប្រហែល prɑhael 1. about, approximately
2. resembling, similar to, nearly identical
3. almost
4. maybe, probably, it is possible that, perhaps
ឆ្នាំ cnam year
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្មេង kmejŋ 1. child, young person
2. young
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
ជួល cuəl 1. to hire, employ
2. to rent
3. to rent out, let out for hire
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
លាងចាន lieŋ caan to do/wash the dishes
ស៊ីឈ្នួល sii cnuəl 1. to work for someone, go into domestic service, take a job (usually menial)
2. to be an employee (usually referring to a servant)
3. to live on wages
4. to work for hire
5. hired mercenary
ហៅ hav 1. to call, name
2. to order (e.g. in a restaurant), specif. to stop a vehicle
3. to send for, summon
4. to invite (guests)
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
ប្រាក់ខែ prak kʰae salary
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
ស្ត្រី strǝy 1. woman, girl, lady
2. women
3. the female sex
Notes: ជើង ត
ម្ចាស់ mcah boss, owner, master
ហាង haaŋ store, shop
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
លក់ lʊək 1. to sell
2. asleep {ដេកលក់ = to be sound asleep, to sleep deeply} {ដេកមិនលក់ = to not be able to fall asleep, to have insomnia}
គុយទាវ kuy tiev kind of noodle soup
ទីនេះ tii nih here
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
កំពុងតែ kɑmpuŋ tae to be in the process of (doing something)
ប្រមូល prɑmoul to assemble, collect, gather, accumulate, concentrate
ចាន caan plate, bowl, dish
ចេញ cəɲ 1. to go out, leave, emerge, exit
2. to issue, bring out, come out (of a publication)
3. to emit, utter
4. out, off, away (also figuratively) {ខ្ញុំគិតអត់ចេញ = I can't figure it out}
5. to pay out, pay for, lay out (money), spend
6. to gain, earn, save
7. to play (a card)
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
តុ tok 1. table, desk
2. small plate on legs for fruit or dessert
Notes: irregular pronunciation
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
អតិថិជន ʔaʔteʔtʰeʔ cɔɔn customer, client
Notes: formal
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
អ្នកលក់ neak lʊək seller
ហូប houp to eat
រួច ruəc 1. to finish, end, achieve, complete
2. indicates the possibility of completing the action of the main verb, to be able
3. already, then, after that
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ញ៉ាំ ɲam to eat, to drink, to consume
Notes: informal, of oneself, addressing children or close friends but not elders
រួចរាល់ ruəc roal 1. to finish, to complete
2. completely
ទុក tuk 1. to put, set, place, arrange
2. to set aside, keep, retain, save, preserve, maintain, conserve, hold (in reserve) {ទុកញ៉ាំ = to keep for eating later}
គ្រាន់តែ kroan tae just, only, only just
បង់លុយ bɑŋ luy to pay, to pay a bill
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
កន្លែង kɑnlaeŋ 1. place, location, region
2. clf. for locations
ផ្សេងទៀត psejŋ tiət other
ពុំ pum negative particle: not, non-, without
Notes: ពុំ is a stylistic variant of មិន and may replace it in many cases, like មិន it usually occurs with the final particle ទេ់; ពុំ is somewhat more respectful than other negative particles and is commonly used when addressing a superior
ចាំបាច់ cam bac necessary, essential
ក្រោយពេល kraoy peel after (the time when)
ឡើង laəŋ 1. to go up, ascend
2. (of aircraft) to take off
3. to rise, get up
4. to climb
5. to get on/board (a means of transport)
6. to go upstream
7. to ferment, rise (of dough)
8. to increase
9. up, upwards
10. upstream
11. increasingly
12. on
13. often occurs as a verb complement in various meanings
កម្មករ kammaʔ kɑɑ worker, laborer, hired hand
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
បុគ្គលិក bokkeaʔlɨk employee, staff
ដើរ daə 1. to walk, to go, to move
2. (of machines) to run
ដាក់ dak 1. to put, place
2. to deposit
3. to add (ingredients)
4. to set (e.g., a trap)
5. to establish
6. to assign
7. to locate, settle, station
8. to lock up
9. to fasten
10. to use
11. to strike, hit hard
12. to affect
13. to subject someone to
14. to be hard hit, suffer a setback
15. to have bad luck, cause bad luck
16. to feel unwell, have an upset stomach (especially after eating certain fruits)
17. to contract for
18. to subscribe to
19. to renounce (a throne)
20. to put aside (religious vows)
21. in, into, on
22. to eat, drink
23. to kneel
24. command to an elephant to kneel by bending the rear legs
ចូល coul 1. to enter, go in, penetrate
2. to approach
3. to reach
4. to begin, set in
5. may indicate the adverbial meaning of ‘inwardly’ or ‘forwardly’ directed movement
6. to enter into, subscribe to, contribute to
7. to take in (as revenue)
8. to mate (of animals)
9. to go into a trance (of a medium)
10. to possess (as a spirit possesses a medium)
11. to agree with
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
ធុង tʰuŋ 1. (large) barrel/can, bucket, tank
2. box
3. clf. for barrels, etc.
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
កាន់ kan 1. to hold, carry in the hand, grasp, hang on to
2. to control, be in charge of, be responsible for
3. to withstand, support, sustain, bear
4. to hold to, believe in, keep/observe (e.g., a religion) {កាន់សាសនាព្រះពុទ្ធ = to believe in Buddhism}
5. (of a spirit) to possess
ដៃ day arm, hand
ម្ខាង mkʰaaŋ 1. one side, one (of a pair)
2. at/on one side, at the other side
Notes: contraction of មួយខាង
ʔae 1. at, to, in, on
2. as (for), regarding
Notes: independent vowel representing the Sanskrit and Pali vowel ē ʔae (many words spelled with ឯ may also be spelled with អែ)
ម្ខាងទៀត mkʰaaŋ tiət the other side, the other one (of a pair)
ពណ៌ poa color, complexion
បៃតង baytɑɑŋ color: green (e.g., as banana leaves)
ទឹកក្រូច tɨk krouc 1. orange juice
2. generic term for soft drinks
3. color: orange
ជាច្រើន cie craən many, a lot, in abundance
ម្ដង mdɑɑŋ 1. one time, once
2. for a change
Notes: contraction of មួយដង
ចំណែកឯ cɑmnaek ʔae as for, as to, regarding
សល់ sɑl 1. to remain, be left over {នៅសល់ = to remain, be left over}
2. to be in excess
3. remainder, surplus
គឺជា kɨɨ cie 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
Notes: equivalent to គឺ
និង nɨŋ and
ចង្កឹះ cɑŋkəh chopsticks
ម៉ា maa one
Notes: spoken form of មួយ (contraction)
គូ kuu 1. pair, couple
2. one member of a pair, partner, companion
3. trench, ditch, moat
នីមួយៗ niimuəy niimuəy each, each one, every one, various, all
ផងដែរ pʰɑɑŋ dae also, too, as well
គ្រឿងផ្សំ krɨəŋ psɑm ingredient, component
រសជាតិ rʊəh ciet taste, flavor
ភ្ញៀវ pɲiəv 1. guest, visitor
2. client, customer
ពិសា piʔsaa, piisaa to eat, to consume
Notes: polite form used when speaking to older persons