Doing the dishes (Sakanan) — 01


អញ្ចឹងនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះគឺយើងនឹងនិយាយអំពីការលាងចានដែលប្រើប្រាស់រួច ដែលជាក់ស្ដែងនៅក្នុងរូបភាពទីនៅក្នុងរូបភាពទីយើងឃើញហាងលក់គុយទាវមួយកន្លែង ដែលហាងនោះគឺជាតូបមួយដែលនៅចិញ្ចើមផ្លូវ អញ្ចឹងនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះ យើងឃើញមានស្ត្រីម្នាក់ គាត់កំពុងតែឈរនៅក្នុងតូបគុយទាវរបស់គាត់ ដែលនៅក្នុងនោះយើងឃើញមានឆ្នាំងគុយទាវ មានចានគុយទាវ គឺមានចានគោមជាច្រើន ដែលដាក់នៅខាងស្ដាំដៃស្ត្រីម្នាក់នោះ ហើយមានគ្រឿងផ្សំរសជាតិជាច្រើនដែលនៅក្បែរចានគោមនោះ ដែលនៅចំកណ្ដាលគឺជាឆ្នាំងគុយទាវ អញ្ចឹងស្ត្រីម្នាក់នោះ គាត់កំពុងតែដៃម្ខាងកាន់វែក គាត់កាន់វែកដួសគុយទាវចេញពីទឹកឆ្នាំងស៊ុប ដែលឆ្នាំងស៊ុបនៅខាងក្រោមជាប់នឹងរទេះរបស់គាត់ គាត់កំពុងតែដួសសរសៃមី ឬក៏សរសៃគុយទាវដែលស្រុសរួចចេញពីទឹកស៊ុប ដើម្បីដាក់ចូលទៅក្នុងចាន អញ្ចឹងដៃខាងឆ្វេងរបស់គាត់គឺកំពុងតែកាន់ចានគោមមួយ គាត់កាន់ចានគោមមួយនៅក្នុងដៃខាងឆ្វេង ដើម្បីត្រងយកមីដែលដួសចេញពីទឹកស៊ុបនោះនៅខាងក្រោម នៅលើតុរបស់គាត់ ឬក៏នៅលើរទេះរបស់គាត់ គឺមានចានគោមមួយផ្សេងទៀត អញ្ចឹងបានន័យថាហាងមីរបស់គាត់ប្រហែលជាឆ្ងាញ់ ដែលមានភ្ញៀវចូលញ៉ាំច្រើន អញ្ចឹងគាត់ធ្វើច្រើន គាត់ធ្វើមីច្រើន ឬក៏គាត់ធ្វើមីទឹកស៊ុបច្រើន ដើម្បីបម្រើដល់អតិថិជនរបស់គាត់ ដែលយើងឃើញស្ត្រីម្នាក់នោះគឺគាត់ពាក់អាវពណ៌ខៀវដៃខ្លី ដោយដៃរបស់គាត់ម្ខាងកាន់វែក និងដៃម្ខាងរបស់គាត់កាន់ចានដើម្បីដាក់គុយទាវ ដែលគុយទាវរបស់គាត់គឺជាគុយទាវដែលលក់នៅចិញ្ចើមផ្លូវហើយនៅក្បែរធុងគុយទាវរបស់គាត់ គឺយើងឃើញមានធុងមួយទៀត ឬក៏យើងហៅថាប៉ោត ឬក៏ធុង ដែលធុងនោះសម្រាប់ដាក់ចានដែលប្រឡាក់ អញ្ចឹងជាទូទៅការលក់គុយទាវគឺគេអត់លាងចានភ្លាមទេ គឺលុះត្រាតែគេលក់ចប់ ទើបគេលាងចាន ដោយសារតែភ្ញៀវច្រើននឹងចានច្រើន ដូច្នេះគេលាងអត់ទាន់នោះទេ អញ្ចឹងអ្នកលក់ត្រូវទិញចានមកឲ្យច្រើន ដើម្បីផ្គត់ផ្គង់ភ្ញៀវ ដើម្បីដាក់ឲ្យភ្ញៀវញ៉ាំឲ្យបានគ្រប់គ្រាន់ ចំណែកឯចានដែលប្រឡាក់គេលាងតាមក្រោយជាក់ស្ដែងនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះ យើងឃើញនៅលើរទេះមីរបស់គាត់ ឬក៏នៅលើរទេះដែលលក់គុយទាវរបស់គាត់ យើងឃើញមានចានគោមជាច្រើនកំពុងតែតម្រៀបគរលើគ្នា ចំណែកឯចានប្រឡាក់គឺនៅក្នុងធុងខាងក្រោម គឺក៏មានច្រើនដែរ អញ្ចឹងស្ត្រីម្នាក់នេះ គាត់គឺជាអ្នកលក់គុយទាវដែលឆ្ងាញ់ គុយទាវរបស់គាត់គឺឆ្ងាញ់ អញ្ចឹងមានភ្ញៀវញ៉ាំគុយទាវគាត់ច្រើន ដែលជាក់ស្ដែងយើងឃើញនៅលើតុដែលនៅក្បែរធុងគុយទាវ ឬក៏រទេះគុយទាវស្ត្រីម្នាក់នោះ គឺឃើញមាននារីម្នាក់ ដែលគាត់ពាក់អាវពណ៌ប្រផេះដៃខ្លី គាត់មានសក់វែង ប៉ុន្តែគាត់ទម្លាក់សក់គាត់ចុះ គាត់កំពុងតែអង្គុយញ៉ាំគុយទាវ អញ្ចឹងយើងឃើញដៃរបស់គាត់ម្ខាងកាន់ចានមីឡើង ដៃម្ខាងទៀតកាន់ចង្កឹះចាប់សរសៃមីដើម្បីញ៉ាំ អញ្ចឹងចានមីគាត់កំពុងតែញ៉ាំមី ឬក៏ញ៉ាំគុយទាវស៊ុប ដែលគាត់បានកុម្ម៉ង់ពីស្ត្រីម្នាក់នោះ ដោយយើងឃើញនៅលើតុរបស់គាត់ គឺមានចានគ្រឿងផ្សំរសជាតិជាច្រើន ដែលមានដូចជាម្ទេស មានដូចជាអំបិល មានដូចជាស្ករស មានដូចជាប៊ីចេងជាដើម អញ្ចឹងគេដាក់គ្រឿងផ្សំនៅលើតុ ដើម្បីឲ្យអតិថិជនរបស់គេផ្សំគ្រឿងទៅតាមចិត្តទៅតាមរសជាតិដែលគេចូលចិត្ត ដែលនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះ គឺស្ត្រីម្នាក់នោះ គាត់កំពុងតែញ៉ាំគុយទាវ ឬក៏មីទឹកស៊ុបដែលគាត់បានកុម្ម៉ង់ អញ្ចឹងយើងឃើញថាទោះបីជាតូបរបស់គាត់លក់នៅតាមចិញ្ចើមផ្លូវ ក៏ប៉ុន្តែគុយទាវរបស់គាត់គឺមានរសជាតិឆ្ងាញ់ ដែលធ្វើឲ្យអតិថិជនជាច្រើនមកទិញនូវគុយទាវរបស់គាត់

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
នឹង nɨŋ future tense marker: will, about to
និយាយ niʔyiey to speak, say, talk, relate, tell, to narrate, to talk over, discuss
អំពី ʔɑmpii 1. about, concerning, relative to
2. from, out of {អំពីថ្ងៃនេះទៅ = from this day on}
ការ kaa 1. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
2. work, occupation
3. business, affair, matter
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
លាងចាន lieŋ caan to do/wash the dishes
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
ប្រើប្រាស់ praə prah to use
រួច ruəc 1. to finish, end, achieve, complete
2. indicates the possibility of completing the action of the main verb, to be able
3. already, then, after that
ជាក់ស្ដែង ceak sdaeŋ 1. clear, sure
2. clearly, surely, obviously
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
ហាង haaŋ store, shop
លក់ lʊək 1. to sell
2. asleep {ដេកលក់ = to be sound asleep, to sleep deeply} {ដេកមិនលក់ = to not be able to fall asleep, to have insomnia}
គុយទាវ kuy tiev kind of noodle soup
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
កន្លែង kɑnlaeŋ 1. place, location, region
2. clf. for locations
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
គឺជា kɨɨ cie 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
Notes: equivalent to គឺ
តូប toup 1. hut, cottage
2. kiosk, stand, stall
3. pavilion
4. small shrine
ចិញ្ចើម cəɲcaəm 1. eyebrow
2. edge, border
3. curb, sidewalk, roadside
ផ្លូវ pləv 1. road, street, route
2. way, style, cause, matter
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ស្ត្រី strǝy 1. woman, girl, lady
2. women
3. the female sex
Notes: ជើង ត
ម្នាក់ mneak 1. one person (contraction of មួយនាក់)
2. alone
គាត់ koat he, she
កំពុងតែ kɑmpuŋ tae to be in the process of (doing something)
ឈរ cʰɔɔ to stand (up)
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
ឆ្នាំង cnaŋ cooking pot, kettle, pan, casserole
ចាន caan plate, bowl, dish
ចានគោម caan koom kind of large bowl (especially one used as a soup tureen)
ជាច្រើន cie craən many, a lot, in abundance
ដាក់ dak 1. to put, place
2. to deposit
3. to add (ingredients)
4. to set (e.g., a trap)
5. to establish
6. to assign
7. to locate, settle, station
8. to lock up
9. to fasten
10. to use
11. to strike, hit hard
12. to affect
13. to subject someone to
14. to be hard hit, suffer a setback
15. to have bad luck, cause bad luck
16. to feel unwell, have an upset stomach (especially after eating certain fruits)
17. to contract for
18. to subscribe to
19. to renounce (a throne)
20. to put aside (religious vows)
21. in, into, on
22. to eat, drink
23. to kneel
24. command to an elephant to kneel by bending the rear legs
ខាង kʰaaŋ 1. side, part
2. direction
3. pertaining to, with regard to
ស្ដាំ sdam direction: right
Notes: ជើង ដ
ដៃ day arm, hand
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
គ្រឿងផ្សំ krɨəŋ psɑm ingredient, component
រសជាតិ rʊəh ciet taste, flavor
ក្បែរ kbae to be near, close to
ចំកណ្ដាល cɑm kɑndaal 1. right in the center, exactly in the middle
2. just what is needed
ម្ខាង mkʰaaŋ 1. one side, one (of a pair)
2. at/on one side, at the other side
Notes: contraction of មួយខាង
កាន់ kan 1. to hold, carry in the hand, grasp, hang on to
2. to control, be in charge of, be responsible for
3. to withstand, support, sustain, bear
4. to hold to, believe in, keep/observe (e.g., a religion) {កាន់សាសនាព្រះពុទ្ធ = to believe in Buddhism}
5. (of a spirit) to possess
វែក vɛɛk 1. to separate, to move aside, to shove aside, to clear (the way)
2. ladle, scoop
3. scoop(ful), ladleful
ដួស duəh 1. to scoop up/out, dip up
2. to serve food
3. to ladle/apportion (with a spoon)
4. to skim off (e.g., scum)
ចេញ cəɲ 1. to go out, leave, emerge, exit
2. to issue, bring out, come out (of a publication)
3. to emit, utter
4. out, off, away (also figuratively) {ខ្ញុំគិតអត់ចេញ = I can't figure it out}
5. to pay out, pay for, lay out (money), spend
6. to gain, earn, save
7. to play (a card)
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
ទឹក tɨk 1. water, juice, liquid
2. round (e.g., of a boxing match)
ស៊ុប sup soup
ខាងក្រោម kʰaaŋ kraom 1. below, underneath
2. at the bottom of
3. downstairs
4. southern
ជាប់នឹង coap nɨŋ 1. next to, adjacent to, near
2. to stick/attach to
រទេះ rɔteh 1. cart, vehicle
2. wagon
សរសៃ sɑɑsay, təsay 1. thread, filament, string, fiber
2. tendon
3. blood vessel
4. nerve
5. vein (of a mineral)
6. clf. for noodles, strings, threads, and other filaments or hair-like objects
មី mii 1. lo-mein vermicelli
2. dish prepared with lo-mein vermicelli
3. you (derogatory or intimate term of reference for a female corresponding to អា​ for a male, it may be used within the family as an intimate form, but it is very rude when used by an outsider)
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
ស្រុស sroh 1. to put into boiling water, scald with boiling water
2. to dip fresh food (such as vegetables) into boiling water for a short time, to parboil
ទឹកស៊ុប tɨk sup 1. soup
2. broth, clear soup
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
ចូល coul 1. to enter, go in, penetrate
2. to approach
3. to reach
4. to begin, set in
5. may indicate the adverbial meaning of ‘inwardly’ or ‘forwardly’ directed movement
6. to enter into, subscribe to, contribute to
7. to take in (as revenue)
8. to mate (of animals)
9. to go into a trance (of a medium)
10. to possess (as a spirit possesses a medium)
11. to agree with
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ឆ្វេង cvejŋ direction: left
ត្រង trɑɑŋ 1. to filter, screen, strain, purify, decant
2. to collect, catch liquid (in a container)
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
តុ tok 1. table, desk
2. small plate on legs for fruit or dessert
Notes: irregular pronunciation
ផ្សេងទៀត psejŋ tiət other
បានន័យថា baan ney tʰaa 1. that means, in other words
2. to mean
ប្រហែល prɑhael 1. about, approximately
2. resembling, similar to, nearly identical
3. almost
4. maybe, probably, it is possible that, perhaps
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
ឆ្ងាញ់ cŋaɲ tasty, delicious
ភ្ញៀវ pɲiəv 1. guest, visitor
2. client, customer
ញ៉ាំ ɲam to eat, to drink, to consume
Notes: informal, of oneself, addressing children or close friends but not elders
ច្រើន craən 1. much, many, numerous, very much
2. mostly, often
ធ្វើ tvəə to do, to make, to work, to prepare, to cultivate (a field)
បម្រើ bɑmraə 1. to serve, to be at someone's service or at someone's disposal
2. devoted to service, to care
3. servant, maid
ដល់ dɑl 1. to reach, to attain, to arrive at
2. to, toward, up to, as far as, at, until
អតិថិជន ʔaʔteʔtʰeʔ cɔɔn customer, client
Notes: formal
ពាក់ peak 1. to wear (shirt, hat, ring, shoes, but not pants)
2. to put on
3. to hang up, suspend, hang on
អាវ ʔaav shirt, blouse, coat, upper garment
ពណ៌ poa color, complexion
ខៀវ kʰiəv blue, green (generally covering the spectrum of colors which includes blues and greens)
ដៃខ្លី day kləy short sleeve {ពាក់អាវសដៃខ្លី = [he's] wearing a white short sleeve shirt}
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
និង nɨŋ and
ធុង tʰuŋ 1. (large) barrel/can, bucket, tank
2. box
3. clf. for barrels, etc.
មួយទៀត muəy tiət one more, once more, moreover, on the other hand, furthermore
ហៅ hav 1. to call, name
2. to order (e.g. in a restaurant), specif. to stop a vehicle
3. to send for, summon
4. to invite (guests)
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
ប៉ោត paot square metal container used for holding oil, kerosene, water, etc.
សម្រាប់ sɑmrap 1. for
2. used for, used to (make or do something)
ប្រឡាក់ prɑlak 1. dirty, soiled, stained
2. salty
3. to marinate, to salt (in order to preserve)
ជាទូទៅ cie tuu təv in general, as a whole, generally
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ភ្លាម pliem immediately, at once, right away
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
លុះត្រាតែ luh traa tae if, only if, provided that, unless
ចប់ cɑp 1. to finish, cease, complete, end, conclude
2. to be complete, full, concluded
3. clf. for complete actions, cycles
ទើប təəp 1. then, only then, next
2. so, consequently {យប់មិញជួបមិត្តចាស់ទើបខ្ញុំញ៉ាំស្រា = yesterday, I met old friends, so I had drinks [with them]}
3. just {ទើបមកដល់ម្សិលមិញ = [they’ve] just arrived yesterday}
ដោយសារតែ daoy saa tae because
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
លាង lieŋ 1. to wash, to clean (with a liquid)
2. to purify, to clear
អត់ទាន់ ʔɑt toan not yet
អ្នកលក់ neak lʊək seller
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
ទិញ tɨɲ to buy
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
ផ្គត់ផ្គង់ pkʊət pkʊəŋ 1. to supply, provide (with), give aid and comfort to, assist
2. to distribute
3. to protect
4. to make sure that something is ready
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
គ្រប់គ្រាន់ krup kroan sufficient, enough, adequate
ចំណែកឯ cɑmnaek ʔae as for, as to, regarding
តាម taam 1. to follow, to agree, to go along {ដើរតាមភ្ញៀវគ្រប់ជំហាន = to follow the customer’s every step}
2. according to, in accordance with, following, along, by, through {តាមអាយុ = according to age} {តាមសម្រួល = take it easy/take your time}
3. on, in, along {ជិះម៉ូតូតាមផ្លូវ = to ride a motorbike on the street} {ជិះតាមផ្លូវតូចៗ = to drive on small roads} {នៅតាមខេត្ត = in/throughout the province} {លក់នៅតាមផ្សារ = to sell in the market}
ក្រោយ kraoy 1. behind, after
2. next
តម្រៀប tɑmriəp 1. to arrange
2. to be arranged in order, to stand in an orderly fashion
Notes: root: ត្រៀប
គរ kɔɔ 1. to pile/stack up, gather in piles, accumulate
2. to collect
គ្នា knie 1. together
2. mutually, reciprocally
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
ដែរ dae 1. also, too, likewise, in the same way
2. indeed, quite, rather
3. marks a polite, gentler, less abrupt statement: all the same, even so, nevertheless
នារី nierii girl, young woman
ប្រផេះ prɑpʰeh color: grey
សក់ sɑk hair
វែង vɛɛŋ long, tall
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
ទម្លាក់ tumleak to drop, to let something fall
ចុះ coh 1. down
2. to descend, go down
3. bus etc.: to get off
អង្គុយ ʔɑŋkuy to sit, to sit down
ឡើង laəŋ 1. to go up, ascend
2. (of aircraft) to take off
3. to rise, get up
4. to climb
5. to get on/board (a means of transport)
6. to go upstream
7. to ferment, rise (of dough)
8. to increase
9. up, upwards
10. upstream
11. increasingly
12. on
13. often occurs as a verb complement in various meanings
ម្ខាងទៀត mkʰaaŋ tiət the other side, the other one (of a pair)
ចង្កឹះ cɑŋkəh chopsticks
ចាប់ cap 1. to catch, capture, seize, grasp, get
2. clf. for handfuls
3. to begin to, undertake, start
កុម្ម៉ង់ kommɑŋ to order (e.g., food)
ដូចជា douc cie such as, like, as though, to seem as though, for instance
ម្ទេស mteeh chili
អំបិល ʔɑmbəl salt
ស្ករស skɑɑ sɑɑ white/refined sugar
ប៊ីចេង bii ceeŋ monosodium glutamate
ជាដើម cie daəm 1. for example, for instance
2. as above, as listed (or given) above
3. first of all, first and foremost
ផ្សំ psɑm 1. to assemble, connect, join/unite (into a single whole)
2. to fasten, secure
3. to adjust, adapt
4. to mix
5. cloth beam/roller (square roller used to roll up woven cloth on a loom)
គ្រឿង krɨəŋ 1. tool, instrument
2. ingredient, spice, seasoning
3. clf. for machines, vehicles etc.
ទៅតាម tɨv taam 1. by, according to, through {គេគិតតម្លៃទៅតាមគីឡូ = they’re charging by the kilo}
2. to pursue, go after, go along with
3. to send for
4. to retrieve
ចិត្ត cət feeling, heart (as the seat of emotion), will (power), intention, thought, opinion
Notes: ជើង ត
rɨɨ 1. or
2. phrase-final interrogative particle {មិនមែនឬ = Isn't it true?}
ចូលចិត្ត coul cət to like, to prefer
Notes: ជើង ត
ទោះបីជា tʊəh bəy cie although, even though
ធ្វើឲ្យ tvəə ʔaoy 1. to cause, make (someone) do (something)
2. to do (something) for (someone) (often used to form causative compounds)
នូវ nɨv 1. marker of the direct object, especially in written, literary language
2. with, and, and also, along with, by means of