Doing the dishes (Sakanan) — 00 Introduction

សួស្តី នៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះ គឺយើងនឹងនិយាយអំពីការលាងចាន អញ្ចឹងឬក៏ការលាងសម្អាតចាន ដែលជាធម្មតា ក្រោយពេលដែលយើងញ៉ាំអាហាររួច ឬក៏ក្រោយពេលដែលយើងញ៉ាំបាយរួច យើងតែងតែមានចានប្រឡាក់ ប្រឡាក់ម្ហូបអាហារនៅលើចានរបស់យើង ឬក៏ប្រឡាក់បាយនៅលើចានរបស់យើងអញ្ចឹងដើម្បីឲ្យមានអនាម័យ យើងត្រូវយកចាននោះទៅលាងសម្អាត មុនពេលដែលយើងយកវាទៅទុក ព្រោះថាប្រសិនបើយើងអត់លាងសម្អាតទេ ចាននោះនឹងកខ្វក់ ហើយនៅពេលដែលយើងប្រើប្រាស់ម្ដងទៀត វានឹងមានមេរោគ អញ្ចឹងវាអាចធ្វើឲ្យយើងឈឺ ឬក៏អាចធ្វើឲ្យមេរោគចូលទៅក្នុងខ្លួនរបស់យើងបាន ធ្វើឲ្យខូចសុខភាពរបស់យើង អញ្ចឹងដើម្បីរក្សាអនាម័យនៅក្នុងការហូបចុក យើងត្រូវតែលាងចានសម្អាត យើងត្រូវតែលាងសម្អាតចានរបស់យើងជាមុនសិន បន្ទាប់ពីយើងញ៉ាំអាហាររួច ឬក៏បន្ទាប់ពីយើងញ៉ាំបាយរួច ហើយពេលខ្លះគឺយើងលាងសម្អាតចាន មុនពេលដែលយើងយកមកប្រើប្រាស់ គឺដោយសារតែពេលខ្លះ យើង ចានរបស់យើងគឺទុកយូរ ទុកចោលយូរ អញ្ចឹងអាចមានធូលីកាន់ ឬក៏អាចហុយធូលីទៅលើចាន អញ្ចឹងធ្វើឲ្យចានប្រឡាក់ផងដែរអញ្ចឹងមុនពេលដែលយើងយកចានមកប្រើប្រាស់បាន យើងត្រូវតែលាងសម្អាតវាជាមុនសិន ដើម្បីឲ្យអស់ដីឬក៏អស់ធូលី ហើយចំពោះចានដែលយើងប្រើប្រាស់រាល់ថ្ងៃ មុននឹងយើងយកមកប្រើប្រាស់ យើងត្រូវជូតសម្អាតវាជាមុនសិន

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
សួស្តី suǝsdǝy greeting equivalent to 'hi!' 'hello!' 'good day!'
Notes: ជើង ត
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
នឹង nɨŋ future tense marker: will, about to
និយាយ niʔyiey to speak, say, talk, relate, tell, to narrate, to talk over, discuss
អំពី ʔɑmpii 1. about, concerning, relative to
2. from, out of {អំពីថ្ងៃនេះទៅ = from this day on}
ការ kaa 1. work, occupation
2. business, affair, matter
3. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
លាងចាន lieŋ caan to do/wash the dishes
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
លាង lieŋ 1. to wash, to clean (with a liquid)
2. to purify, to clear
សម្អាត sɑmʔaat 1. to clean {ដើម្បីសម្អាតវាឲ្យបានស្អាត = in order to clean it} {បោកសម្អាតខោអាវ = to wash the clothes clean}
2. to clean up, to sweep
3. to groom
Notes: root: ស្អាត; also written សំអាត
ចាន caan plate, bowl, dish
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of / to / in / at which / whom
3. the fact / reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever
ជាធម្មតា cie tʰoam meaʔ taa normally, usually
ក្រោយពេល kraoy peel after (the time when)
ញ៉ាំ ɲam to eat, to drink, to consume
Notes: informal, of oneself, addressing children or close friends but not elders
អាហារ ʔaahaa food, meal
រួច ruəc 1. to finish, end, achieve, complete
2. indicates the possibility of completing the action of the main verb, to be able
3. already, then, after that
ញ៉ាំបាយ ɲam baay general term for 'to eat' (neutral form for younger persons and persons of the same age)
តែងតែ taeŋ tae usually, regularly, constantly, always, continually
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ប្រឡាក់ prɑlak 1. dirty, soiled, stained
2. salty
3. to marinate, to salt (in order to preserve)
rɨɨ 1. or
2. phrase-final interrogative particle {មិនមែនឬ = Isn't it true?}
ម្ហូប mhoup food, meal
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
បាយ baay 1. cooked rice
2. food, meal
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
អនាម័យ ʔaʔnaamay 1. hygiene, sanitation
2. health
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
មុន mun 1. previous(ly), former(ly) {ខែមុន = last month}
2. first, before {ញ៉ាំមុនចុះ = Go ahead and eat first!}
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
ទុក tuk 1. to put, set, place, arrange
2. to set aside, keep, retain, save, preserve, maintain, conserve, hold (in reserve) {ទុកញ៉ាំ = to keep for eating later}
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
ប្រសិនបើ prɑsən baə if
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
កខ្វក់ kɑkvɑk to be dirty, polluted, stained
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ប្រើប្រាស់ praə prah to use
ម្ដងទៀត mdɑɑŋ tiət once more, again
មេរោគ mee rook micro-organism, germ, virus, microbe
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
ធ្វើឲ្យ tvəə ʔaoy 1. to cause, make (someone) do (something)
2. to do (something) for (someone) (often used to form causative compounds)
ឈឺ cʰɨɨ to be sick, to hurt, to be in pain
ចូល coul 1. to enter, to go in
2. to agree with
ខ្លួន kluən 1. body, figure, person, self
2. reflexive pronoun: myself, yourself, himself etc.
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ខូច kʰouc 1. broken, damaged, ruined
2. bad, nasty
សុខភាព sokkʰapʰiep health
រក្សា reaksaa 1. to take care of, protect
2. to keep, maintain
3. to observe, pay attention to, watch
ហូបចុក houp cok to eat
Notes: colloquial
ត្រូវតែ trəv tae have to, must, should, ought to
ជាមុនសិន cie mun sən first
បន្ទាប់ពី bɑntoap pii after, next
ពេលខ្លះ peel klah sometimes
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present
ដោយសារតែ daoy saa tae because
យូរ yuu 1. slow
2. (of time) long
3. late
ចោល caol 1. to throw (away), to discard
2. to abandon, to desert, to reject
ធូលី tʰuulii dust
កាន់ kan 1. to hold, carry in the hand, grasp, hang on to
2. to control, be in charge of, be responsible for
3. to withstand, support, sustain, bear
4. to hold to, believe in, keep/observe (e.g., a religion) {កាន់សាសនាព្រះពុទ្ធ = to believe in Buddhism}
5. (of a spirit) to possess
ហុយ hoy 1. to whirl/swirl/rise up (in a cloud, like dust or smoke) {ហុយក៏ហុយ ក្ដៅក៏ក្ដៅ = it’s dusty and hot}
2. to spread (e.g., of smoke or a smell)
3. to fume
ផងដែរ pʰɑɑŋ dae also, too, as well
អស់ ʔɑh 1. to consume, use up, run low/short (of something) {អស់ហើយ = [a product, food etc.] finished/sold out}
2. to end, finish, terminate, come to an end
3. entirety, completeness, wholeness
4. to be complete, whole
5. entirely, completely
6. all (of), the whole (of)
7. to have to spend {អស់ម៉ាម៉ឺនទទេ = I had to pay 10’000 for no reason!}
ដី dəy 1. earth, land, ground, soil
2. territory
ចំពោះ cɑmpʊəh toward, to, about, as for
រាល់ថ្ងៃ roal tŋay every day
មុននឹង mun nɨŋ before (doing something)
ជូត cuut 1. to wipe (off), clean (off), dry (with a towel)
2. to dust
3. to rub, polish