Boats (Sakanan) — 14 Motorboat


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទី ១៤ នៅក្នុងរូបភាពទី ១៤ យើងឃើញថា មានទូកមួយទៀត ដែលទូកនេះគឺជាទូកម៉ាស៊ីន អញ្ចឹងទូកម៉ាស៊ីនគឺជាទូកមួយប្រភេទ ដែលយើងប្រើប្រាស់ម៉ាស៊ីន ដើម្បីធ្វើឲ្យទូកនោះទៅមុខ ដោយយើងអត់ប្រើចំណាយកម្លាំងមនុស្សនោះទេ អញ្ចឹងវាខុសពីទូកអុំនិងទូកក្ដោង ដោយសារតែទូកក្ដោងប្រើប្រាស់កម្លាំងខ្យល់ ចំណែកឯទូកអុំគឺប្រើប្រាស់កម្លាំងមនុស្ស កាន់ច្រវាកាយទឹកដើម្បីឲ្យទូកទៅមុខ ចំណែកឯទូកមួយទៀតនេះ គឺនៅក្នុងរូបភាពទី ១៤ នេះ គឺជាប្រភេទទូកម៉ាស៊ីន ដែលយើងហៅថាកាណូត អញ្ចឹងទូកប្រភេទនេះគឺលឿន ដោយសារតែវាប្រើប្រាស់ម៉ាស៊ីននិងម៉ូទ័រនៅខាងក្រោយ អញ្ចឹងជាក់ស្ដែងនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះ យើងឃើញថា ទូកនេះគឺមានលក្ខណៈបះខាងមុខ ដោយសារតែវាលឿន ដូច្នេះមនុស្សនៅអង្គុយខាងក្រោយ និងម៉ាស៊ីននៅខាងក្រោយ អញ្ចឹងវាធ្ងន់ជាងខាងមុខ ដូច្នេះធ្វើឲ្យវាបះខាងមុខ និងម៉្យាងទៀតដោយសារតែទូកនេះលឿងផង ដូច្នេះវាធ្វើឲ្យវាបះ ដោយសារតែកម្លាំងម៉ាស៊ីនខ្លាំង អញ្ចឹងនៅពេលដែលម៉ាស៊ីនខ្លាំង នោះទូកនោះកាន់តែលឿន ដោយយើងអត់ចាំបាច់ចំណាយកម្លាំង ដើម្បីអុំ ឬក៏ពឹងពាក់ទៅលើខ្យល់ ដើម្បីឲ្យវាទៅមុខនោះទេ យើងគ្រាន់តែប្រើប្រាស់កម្លាំងម៉ាស៊ីន ដែលម៉ាស៊ីននោះគឺជាម៉ាស៊ីនចាក់សាំង ឬក៏ម៉ាស៊ីនចាក់ម៉ាស៊ូត ដែលនៅខាងលើគឺម៉ាស៊ីន ចំណែកឯនៅក្នុងទឹកគឺជាកង្ហារ ដែលយើងហៅថាស្លាបចាក់ អញ្ចឹងស្លាបចាក់គឺនៅក្នុងទឹកកំពុងតែបក់ទឹកដើម្បីឲ្យរុញទូកឲ្យទៅមុខ អញ្ចឹងនៅពេលដែលស្លាបចាក់វិលកាន់តែញាប់ ទូកកាន់តែទៅលឿន ប្រសិនបើយើងចង់បង្អង់ល្បឿន យើងត្រូវបន្ថយស្លាបចាក់កុំឲ្យវាវិលញាប់ពេក អញ្ចឹងទូកនេះគឺជាទូកម៉ាស៊ីន

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ទូក tuuk boat, sampan, canoe, (especially boats without motors)
មួយទៀត muəy tiət one more, once more, moreover, on the other hand, furthermore
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of / to / in / at which / whom
3. the fact / reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
គឺជា kɨɨ cie 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
Notes: equivalent to គឺ
ទូកម៉ាស៊ីន tuuk maasɨn motorboat
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ប្រភេទ prɑpʰeet category, variety, class, kind, type, species, aspect, nature, characteristic
ប្រើប្រាស់ praə prah to use
ម៉ាស៊ីន maasɨn machine, motor, engine, device
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
ធ្វើឲ្យ tvəə ʔaoy 1. to cause, make (someone) do (something)
2. to do (something) for (someone) (often used to form causative compounds)
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
ទៅមុខ tɨv muk 1. to go forward, to advance, to go in front
2. forward
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ប្រើ praə to use
ចំណាយ cɑmnaay 1. expenditure, expenses, spending
2. to spend
កម្លាំង kɑmlaŋ force, power, strength, energy, vigor, authority, influence
Notes: root: ខ្លាំង; also written កំឡាំង
មនុស្ស mɔnuh, meaʔnuh human being, person
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
ខុស kʰoh 1. different
2. wrong, incorrect
3. mistake, fault, defect
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
ទូកអុំ tuuk ʔom canoe
និង nɨŋ and
ទូកក្ដោង tuuk kdaoŋ sailboat
ដោយសារតែ daoy saa tae because
ខ្យល់ kcɑl, kyɑl, ksɑl wind, air, breath (wind/air is believed to be the cause of many types of illnesses, such as fainting, dizziness, stomach ache, etc.)
ចំណែកឯ cɑmnaek ʔae as for, as to, regarding
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
កាន់ kan 1. to hold, carry in the hand, grasp, hang on to
2. to control, be in charge of, be responsible for
3. to withstand, support, sustain, bear
4. to hold to, believe in, keep/observe (e.g., a religion) {កាន់សាសនាព្រះពុទ្ធ = to believe in Buddhism}
5. (of a spirit) to possess
ច្រវា crɑvaa oar, paddle
កាយ kaay 1. to scrape, scratch
2. body (formal)
ទឹក tɨk 1. water, juice, liquid
2. round (e.g., of a boxing match)
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
ហៅ hav 1. to call, name
2. to order (e.g. in a restaurant), specif. to stop a vehicle
3. to send for, summon
4. to invite (guests)
កាណូត kaanout motorboat
លឿន lɨən fast, quick
ម៉ូទ័រ moutoa motor
Notes: source: antkh.com
ខាងក្រោយ kʰaaŋ kraoy behind, in the back
ជាក់ស្ដែង ceak sdaeŋ 1. clear, sure
2. clearly, surely, obviously
លក្ខណៈ leakkʰaʔnaʔ 1. attribute, (physical) characteristic, distinctive feature
2. character, nature, quality
3. appearance, shape, form
4. condition, criterion, qualification
5. meaning
6. section (of a law text)
បះ bah 1. to stand up, rise, become erect (as a dog's tail)
2. to ride up on one side (and down on the other)
3. uneven, warped, having one side lower than the other
ខាងមុខ kʰaaŋ muk 1. front, in front (of), ahead
2. forward, facing forward
3. in the future, coming
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
អង្គុយ ʔɑŋkuy to sit, to sit down
ធ្ងន់ tŋʊən 1. heavy, not light
2. to weigh
ជាង cieŋ 1. more than
2. marks the comparative degree of an adjective {ល្អជាង = better}
ម៉្យាងទៀត myaaŋ tiət 1. moreover, besides, another thing, furthermore
2. in other words, on the other hand
3. one other kind
លឿង lɨəŋ color: yellow
ផង pʰɑɑŋ 1. also, too, as well
2. marker indicating entreaty or a polite request: please ..., would you ...
ខ្លាំង klaŋ 1. strong, vigorous, robust
2. very much, strongly, vigorously
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
កាន់តែ kan tae more and more, further, becoming more and more, increasingly, continually
ចាំបាច់ cam bac necessary, essential
អុំ ʔom 1. to paddle
2. to winnow, fan, sift
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
ពឹងពាក់ pɨŋ peak 1. to depend on
2. to help one another, to assist mutually
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
គ្រាន់តែ kroan tae just, only, only just
ចាក់សាំង cak saŋ to put gasoline into a vehicle
ចាក់ cak 1. to stab, pierce (with a pointed instrument)
2. to pour (a liquid)
3. to play (a record or tape)
ម៉ាស៊ូត maasuut diesel
Notes: Headley has ម៉ាស៊ុត, but this spelling is much less frequent
ខាងលើ kʰaaŋ lǝǝ above, on, on top, upstairs
កង្ហារ kɑŋhaa pinwheel, wind wheel, fan, propeller
ស្លាបចាក់ slaap cak propeller
កំពុងតែ kɑmpuŋ tae to be in the process of (doing something)
បក់ bɑk 1. wind: to blow
2. to fan
3. to blow out, extinguish
4. to wag, wave, shake, stir, rustle
រុញ ruɲ to push, push forward
វិល vɨl to turn (around), spin, revolve
ញាប់ ɲoap 1. quickly, fast, rapidly
2. to hurry
ប្រសិនបើ prɑsən baə if
ចង់ cɑŋ 1. to want, wish, desire
2. to need
បង្អង់ bɑŋʔɑŋ 1. to halt, hesitate, slow down, delay, pause, take a rest
2. to postpone, put off
3. to be late
ល្បឿន lbɨǝn 1. speed, velocity
2. rate, tempo
Notes: root: លឿន
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
បន្ថយ bɑntʰɑɑy 1. to reduce, to lower, to decrease (in quantity or in price)
2. to cause to retreat, withdraw
កុំឲ្យ kom ʔaoy 1. in order that not ..., so as not to ...
2. don't let ...
ពេក peek too, too much, too many