Boats (Sakanan) — 07


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទីរូបភាពទីគឺបន្ទាប់ពីបុរសអ្នកលក់សំបុត្រមកដល់ហើយ គាត់ក៏បានបើកប្រអប់សំបុត្រមួយ ប្រអប់សំបុត្រប្រភេទនេះគឺជាប្រអប់សំបុត្រដែលមានវិល មានកង់វិល ដែលអតិថិជនទាំងអស់ត្រូវចាប់ទាញសំបុត្រចេញពីប្រអប់នោះ ហើយផ្ដាច់យកត្រឹមតែសំបុត្រមួយតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ បន្ទាប់មកត្រូវដាក់លុយចូលទៅក្នុងបំពង់នោះ អញ្ចឹងបំពង់នេះគឺជាបំពង់លក់សំបុត្រផង មានសំបុត្រនៅក្នុងនោះផង និងមានកន្លែងដាក់ប្រាក់ផង ដែលនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះ គឺជារូបភាពដែលយើងចាយកាក់ អញ្ចឹងបានន័យថានៅពេលដែលគាត់ទាញសំបុត្រចេញ គឺគាត់ត្រូវបោះកាក់តម្លៃនៃសំបុត្រនោះ ចូលទៅក្នុងបំពង់នោះវិញ ដោយអ្នកលក់សំបុត្រ គឺគាត់បើកបំពង់នោះ ដើម្បីឲ្យអ្នកដំណើរចាប់ទាញសំបុត្រ អញ្ចឹងជាទូទៅនៅក្នុងប្រទេសកម្ពុជា គឺយើងអត់សូវមានការលក់សំបុត្របែបនេះទេ គឺនៅប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ដើម្បីជិះទូក គឺយើងត្រូវបង់លុយដើម្បីទិញសំបុត្រនៅលើកំពង់ផែ ដោយហើយជាទូទៅ គឺកំពង់ផែនៅក្នុងប្រទេសកម្ពុជា គឺអត់មានទូកដើម្បីជិះធ្វើដំណើរទៅកន្លែងមួយទៅកន្លែងមួយទេ គឺមានតែទូកដើម្បីជិះដំណើរកម្សាន្តនៅក្នុងទន្លេ ហើយត្រលប់មកវិញ ហើយយើងទិញសំបុត្រនៅលើកំពង់ផែ ប៉ុន្តែនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះ គឺជារូបភាពដែលលក់សំបុត្រតាមរយៈបំពង់ តាមរយៈអ្នកលក់សំបុត្រនៅលើទូក អញ្ចឹងបានន័យថានៅក្នុងប្រទេសកម្ពុជាគឺអត់មានទេ ហើយនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះគឺគេចាយកាក់ ដែលជាភាគច្រើន ចាយកាក់គឺ កម្ពុជាអត់មានចាយកាក់ទេ គឺយើងចាយលុយរៀល បានន័យថាលុយក្រដាសប្រាក់ ប៉ុន្តែប្រទេសដែលចាយកាក់គឺមានដូចជាប្រទេសវៀតណាម ប្រទេសថៃជាដើម ដែលគាត់ចាយកាក់ អញ្ចឹងនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះ អាចជាការជិះទូកនៅក្នុងប្រទេសថៃក៏ថាបានដែរ ព្រោះមានចាយកាក់ អញ្ចឹងនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះ អ្នកដំណើរគាត់ត្រូវទាញសំបុត្រចេញពីបំពង់នោះ ហើយគាត់ត្រូវដាក់លុយ ឬក៏កាក់ចូលទៅក្នុងបំពង់នោះវិញ ដើម្បីឲ្យអ្នកលក់សំបុត្រយកទៅលក់សំបុត្រឲ្យអ្នកដទៃទៀត ដោយមនុស្សម្នាក់ទាញបានសំបុត្រតែមួយសន្លឹកតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ ហើយម្នាក់ទៀតត្រូវ ប្រសិនបើយើងមានគ្នាពីរនាក់ គឺយើងទាញពីរសំបុត្រ ហើយត្រូវដាក់លុយតម្លៃចំនួនពីរសំបុត្រ ចូលទៅក្នុងបំពង់នោះផងដែរ

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
បន្ទាប់ពី bɑntoap pii after, next
បុរស boʔrɑh man, male person
អ្នកលក់ neak lʊək seller
សំបុត្រ sɑmbot 1. ticket
2. letter, message, note
Notes: also written សំបុដ
មកដល់ mɔɔk dɑl to arrive at, come to
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
គាត់ koat he, she
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
បើក baək 1. to open {បើកប្រអប់ = to open a box} {បើកហាង = to open a shop}
2. to turn on (e.g., a light, faucet, radio) {បើកទឹកម៉ាស៊ីន = to turn on the water/faucet}
3. of the sun: to shine
4. to drive (an automobile), generally to operate a vehicle which is powered by an engine
ប្រអប់ prɑʔɑp (small) box, case
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ប្រភេទ prɑpʰeet category, variety, class, kind, type, species, aspect, nature, characteristic
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
គឺជា kɨɨ cie 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
Notes: equivalent to គឺ
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
វិល vɨl to turn (around), spin, revolve
កង់ kɑŋ 1. wheel, tire
2. bicycle
3. piece, slice, circle, something round
4. chop (of meat), piece (of fish), slice (of fish)
5. clf. for pipes, logs, slices
អតិថិជន ʔaʔteʔtʰeʔ cɔɔn customer, client
Notes: formal
ទាំងអស់ teaŋ ʔɑh all, all of
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
ចាប់ cap 1. to catch, capture, seize, grasp, get
2. clf. for handfuls
3. to begin to, undertake, start
ទាញ tieɲ to pull, drag
ចេញ cəɲ 1. to go out, leave, emerge, exit
2. to issue, bring out, come out (of a publication)
3. to emit, utter
4. out, off, away (also figuratively) {ខ្ញុំគិតអត់ចេញ = I can't figure it out}
5. to pay out, pay for, lay out (money), spend
6. to gain, earn, save
7. to play (a card)
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
ផ្ដាច់ pdac 1. to sever, cut off, slash, to separate from, to behead, to break (generally refers to string or string-like objects)
2. extremely, to the highest degree
3. to pass (e.g., another car)
Notes: ជើង ដ
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
ត្រឹមតែ trəm tae just, only
តែប៉ុណ្ណោះ tae ponnɑh only, only that much
ដាក់ dak 1. to put, place
2. to deposit
3. to add (ingredients)
4. to set (e.g., a trap)
5. to establish
6. to assign
7. to locate, settle, station
8. to lock up
9. to fasten
10. to use
11. to strike, hit hard
12. to affect
13. to subject someone to
14. to be hard hit, suffer a setback
15. to have bad luck, cause bad luck
16. to feel unwell, have an upset stomach (especially after eating certain fruits)
17. to contract for
18. to subscribe to
19. to renounce (a throne)
20. to put aside (religious vows)
21. in, into, on
22. to eat, drink
23. to kneel
24. command to an elephant to kneel by bending the rear legs
លុយ luy money
ចូល coul 1. to enter, go in, penetrate
2. to approach
3. to reach
4. to begin, set in
5. may indicate the adverbial meaning of ‘inwardly’ or ‘forwardly’ directed movement
6. to enter into, subscribe to, contribute to
7. to take in (as revenue)
8. to mate (of animals)
9. to go into a trance (of a medium)
10. to possess (as a spirit possesses a medium)
11. to agree with
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
បំពង់ bɑmpʊəŋ container (of cylindrical shape), tube, pipe
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
លក់ lʊək 1. to sell
2. asleep {ដេកលក់ = to be sound asleep, to sleep deeply} {ដេកមិនលក់ = to not be able to fall asleep, to have insomnia}
ផង pʰɑɑŋ 1. also, too, as well
2. marker indicating entreaty or a polite request: please ..., would you ...
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
និង nɨŋ and
កន្លែង kɑnlaeŋ 1. place, location, region
2. clf. for locations
ប្រាក់ prak 1. money
2. silver
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ចាយ caay to spend, to pay
កាក់ kak coin
បានន័យថា baan ney tʰaa 1. that means, in other words
2. to mean
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
បោះ bɑh 1. to throw (away), cast, fling
2. to cast (a vote) {ខ្ញុំបោះហើយ = I've voted already}
3. to scatter
4. to broadcast
5. to sow (seed)
6. to thrust (down) into, force in, insert, drive/fix (a stake in the ground)
7. to implant, set up
8. to locate, station, pitch a camp
9. to crush, grind, gin (cotton)
10. to imprint/impress (a seal), stamp, affix
11. to publish
12. to sell in large quantities with limited profit
13. to take a step
តម្លៃ tɑmlay 1. price
2. value
នៃ ney 1. of, belonging to (more literary and formal than របស់)
2. links verb and its object
វិញ vɨɲ again, back, instead
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
អ្នកដំណើរ neak dɑmnaə traveller
ជាទូទៅ cie tuu təv in general, as a whole, generally
ប្រទេស prɑteeh country, nation
កម្ពុជា kampuʔcie Cambodia
អត់សូវ ʔɑt səv not so much, rather not
ការ kaa 1. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
2. work, occupation
3. business, affair, matter
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
បែប baep kind, sort, model, type, style, form, shape, method, way
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
ជិះ cih to ride (in or on a car, horse, boat, plane, train)
ទូក tuuk boat, sampan, canoe, (especially boats without motors)
បង់លុយ bɑŋ luy to pay, to pay a bill
ទិញ tɨɲ to buy
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
កំពង់ផែ kɑmpʊəŋ pʰae harbor, dock, wharf
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ធ្វើដំណើរ tvəə dɑmnaə to make a trip, travel
តែ tae 1. but, however
2. only, just
3. tea
ដំណើរ dɑmnaə 1. walking, traveling
2. travel, journey, trip
3. functioning
4. movement, progress, development
5. process, course or sequence (of events)
កម្សាន្ត kɑmsaan to relax, rest, to enjoy oneself {ទូកកម្សាន្ត = tourist boat}
Notes: ជើង ត; alternative spelling: កំសាន្ត; root: ក្សាន្ត
ទន្លេ tʊənlee river (larger than ស្ទឹង)
ត្រលប់ trɑlɑp 1. to return
2. to turn around
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
តាមរយៈ taam reaʔyeaʔ 1. by means of
2. through, by way of, via, through the mediation (of someone)
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
ភាគច្រើន pʰiek craən 1. mostly
2. majority
រៀល riəl Riel
ក្រដាសប្រាក់ krɑdaah prak paper money, bill
ដូចជា douc cie such as, like, as though, to seem as though, for instance
វៀតណាម viət naam Vietnam
ថៃ tʰay Thai
ជាដើម cie daəm 1. for example, for instance
2. as above, as listed (or given) above
3. first of all, first and foremost
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
ដែរ dae 1. also, too, likewise, in the same way
2. indeed, quite, rather
3. marks a polite, gentler, less abrupt statement: all the same, even so, nevertheless
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
អ្នកដទៃ neak dɑtey strangers, others, other people
មនុស្សម្នាក់ meaʔnuh mneak one person
សន្លឹក sɑnlək 1. sheet (of paper), page, leaf
2. clf. for thin flat objects such as leaves and sheets of paper
ម្នាក់ mneak 1. one person (contraction of មួយនាក់)
2. alone
ប្រសិនបើ prɑsən baə if
គ្នា knie 1. together
2. mutually, reciprocally
ពីរ pii, pɨl two
នាក់ neak clf. for people
ចំនួន cɑmnuən amount, number, quantity
ផងដែរ pʰɑɑŋ dae also, too, as well