Boats (Sakanan) — 01


ដែលយើងឃើញនៅក្នុងរូបភាពទីនៅក្នុងរូបភាពទីបុរសម្នាក់ គាត់កំពុងតែឈរនៅមាត់ទឹក ដែលបុរសនោះ គាត់មានវ័យប្រហែលជា ២៥ ឆ្នាំ គាត់មានសក់ខ្លីពណ៌ខ្មៅ ហើយគាត់ពាក់អាវពណ៌រៀងស្វាយដៃខ្លី អញ្ចឹងបុរសម្នាក់នោះ យើងឃើញទឹកមុខគាត់ញញឹម ហើយគាត់កំពុងតែឈរនៅមាត់ទឹក ដែលយើងឃើញទឹកមានទឹករលកតិចផងដែរ បានន័យថាទឹកនោះដូចជាទឹកទន្លេ អញ្ចឹងជាធម្មតានៅក្នុងទឹកទន្លេក៏មានរលកដែរ ក៏ប៉ុន្តែវាអត់សូវរលកខ្លាំងដូចនៅក្នុងទឹកសមុទ្រនោះទេ ព្រោះទន្លេជាទឹកតូច អញ្ចឹងវាអត់សូវមានរលកទេ អញ្ចឹងបុរសម្នាក់នោះ គាត់ឈរនៅមាត់ទន្លេ ហើយគាត់កំពុងតែកាន់ផែនទីដើម្បីមើល អញ្ចឹងបុរសម្នាក់ហ្នឹង គាត់ឈរមាត់ទន្លេ ដើម្បីរង់ចាំជិះទូក ដូច្នេះហើយគាត់ក៏កាន់ផែនទីមួយ ដើម្បីមើលថាតើទូកកម្សាន្ត គេចេញពីណាទៅណា ហើយកាត់តាមកន្លែងណាខ្លះ អញ្ចឹងគាត់អាចសម្រេចចិត្តថាជិះទូកមួយណាបាន ឬក៏ជិះទូកមួយណា ដែលទៅណាដែលគាត់ចង់ទៅ ឬក៏គាត់ចង់ទៅកន្លែងណា គាត់អាចមើលផែនទីនោះបាន ហើយយើងឃើញនៅលើមាត់ច្រាំងម្ខាងទៀត អញ្ចឹងយើងឃើញ គេហៅថាត្រើយម្ខាង ដែលជាទូទៅទន្លេគឺមានត្រើយចំនួនពីរ ត្រើយម្ខាង និងត្រើយម្ខាងទៀត ដែលបុរសម្នាក់នេះ គាត់ឈរនៅត្រើយម្ខាង រីឯត្រើយម្ខាងទៀតដែលនៅទល់មុខគាត់ គឺយើងឃើញមានអគារតូចធំជាច្រើន មានខ្ពស់ មានទាប អញ្ចឹងបានន័យថាទន្លេនេះ គឺជាទន្លេដែលនៅជាយក្រុង ដូច្នេះហើយយើងអាចឃើញស្រមោលទីក្រុងនៅខាងមុខគាត់បាន ដែលមានអគារជាច្រើន នៅតាមមាត់ទន្លេនោះផងដែរ អញ្ចឹងបុរសម្នាក់នេះ គាត់ឈរមើលផែនទី ហើយគាត់ចង់ជិះទូក អញ្ចឹងគាត់មើលផែនទីថាតើ គោលដៅរបស់គាត់ ត្រូវជិះទៅតាមកន្លែងណាខ្លះ អញ្ចឹងទូកដែលគាត់ត្រូវជិះ តើគាត់ត្រូវជិះមួយណា ដូច្នេះហើយដើម្បីឲ្យច្បាស់ គឺគាត់ត្រូវតែមើលផែនទី

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
បុរស boʔrɑh man, male person
ម្នាក់ mneak 1. one person (contraction of មួយនាក់)
2. alone
គាត់ koat he, she
កំពុងតែ kɑmpuŋ tae to be in the process of (doing something)
ឈរ cʰɔɔ to stand (up)
មាត់ទឹក moat tɨk edge of a body of water
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
វ័យ vey age, range of age
Notes: also written វយ
ប្រហែល prɑhael 1. about, approximately
2. resembling, similar to, nearly identical
3. almost
4. maybe, probably, it is possible that, perhaps
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
ឆ្នាំ cnam year
សក់ sɑk hair
ខ្លី kləy short (in length)
ពណ៌ poa color, complexion
ខ្មៅ kmav black, dark (colored)
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ពាក់ peak 1. to wear (shirt, hat, ring, shoes, but not pants)
2. to put on
3. to hang up, suspend, hang on
អាវ ʔaav shirt, blouse, coat, upper garment
រៀង riəŋ 1. រៀង + adj. + បន្តិច/តិច = a bit + adj. {រៀងពិបាកបន្តិច = a bit difficult} {រៀងប្រៃបន្តិច = a bit salty}
2. to arrange in series, ranks, rows, order or style
3. in sequence, in order, in rows
4. all, each, every
ស្វាយ svaay 1. mango
2. color: purple, violet, mauve
ដៃខ្លី day kləy short sleeve {ពាក់អាវសដៃខ្លី = [he's] wearing a white short sleeve shirt}
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
ទឹកមុខ tɨk muk facial expression, mood
ញញឹម ɲɔɲɨm to smile
ទឹក tɨk 1. water, juice, liquid
2. round (e.g., of a boxing match)
ទឹករលក tɨk rɔlɔɔk rippling or undulating water
តិច təc 1. to be few (in number), small (in size or extent), less
2. a little bit, somewhat
3. phrase-final: makes a request more polite {ចង់ពឹងឲ្យជួយលើកអីវ៉ាន់តិច = Can you please help me carrying these things?} {ខ្ញុំសុំលអាវនេះតិចបានអេ៎? = Can I try on this shirt here, please?}
ផងដែរ pʰɑɑŋ dae also, too, as well
បានន័យថា baan ney tʰaa 1. that means, in other words
2. to mean
ដូចជា douc cie such as, like, as though, to seem as though, for instance
ទឹកទន្លេ tɨk tʊənlee river (larger than ស្ទឹង)
ជាធម្មតា cie tʰoam meaʔ taa normally, usually
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
រលក rɔlɔɔk wave, ripple
ដែរ dae 1. also, too, likewise, in the same way
2. indeed, quite, rather
3. marks a polite, gentler, less abrupt statement: all the same, even so, nevertheless
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
អត់សូវ ʔɑt səv not so much, rather not
ខ្លាំង klaŋ 1. strong, vigorous, robust
2. very much, strongly, vigorously
ដូច douc alike, similar, like, as
សមុទ្រ saʔmot sea, ocean
Notes: alternative spelling: សមុទ្ទ
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
ទន្លេ tʊənlee river (larger than ស្ទឹង)
តូច touc, tuuc 1. small, little, tiny
2. minor
មាត់ទន្លេ moat tʊənlee river bank
កាន់ kan 1. to hold, carry in the hand, grasp, hang on to
2. to control, be in charge of, be responsible for
3. to withstand, support, sustain, bear
4. to hold to, believe in, keep/observe (e.g., a religion) {កាន់សាសនាព្រះពុទ្ធ = to believe in Buddhism}
5. (of a spirit) to possess
ផែនទី pʰaen tii map, model
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
មើល məəl 1. to look at, to watch, to watch for, to observe
2. particle: come on, give it a try
3. let me see!
4. phrase-final: softens a command or request {ជួយបង្ហាញតិចមើល = Please show me!}
ហ្នឹង nɨŋ this, that, right here, right now (colloquial form of នេះ = this, that)
រង់ចាំ rʊəŋ cam to wait (for, until)
ជិះ cih to ride (in or on a car, horse, boat, plane, train)
ទូក tuuk boat, sampan, canoe, (especially boats without motors)
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
តើ taə 1. indicating an indirect question, it may often be translated as 'if' or 'whether'
2. phrase-final: used for emphasis
កម្សាន្ត kɑmsaan to relax, rest, to enjoy oneself {ទូកកម្សាន្ត = tourist boat}
Notes: ជើង ត; alternative spelling: កំសាន្ត; root: ក្សាន្ត
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
ចេញ cəɲ 1. to go out, leave, emerge, exit
2. to issue, bring out, come out (of a publication)
3. to emit, utter
4. out, off, away (also figuratively) {ខ្ញុំគិតអត់ចេញ = I can't figure it out}
5. to pay out, pay for, lay out (money), spend
6. to gain, earn, save
7. to play (a card)
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
ណា naa 1. which, any
2. where, somewhere, anywhere
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
កាត់ kat 1. to cut, slice, slit, to divide, detach
2. to pass through, cut through / across
3. to interrupt
4. to solve, untangle, to settle (a matter), to decide (a legal case)
5. to ignite, catch / start (of a fire)
6. across, through
តាម taam 1. to follow, to agree, to go along {ដើរតាមភ្ញៀវគ្រប់ជំហាន = to follow the customer’s every step}
2. according to, in accordance with, following, along, by, through {តាមអាយុ = according to age} {តាមសម្រួល = take it easy/take your time}
3. on, in, along {ជិះម៉ូតូតាមផ្លូវ = to ride a motorbike on the street} {ជិះតាមផ្លូវតូចៗ = to drive on small roads} {នៅតាមខេត្ត = in/throughout the province} {លក់នៅតាមផ្សារ = to sell in the market}
កន្លែង kɑnlaeŋ 1. place, location, region
2. clf. for locations
ខ្លះ klah some (serves as a plural marker with ណា​​ and អ្វី)
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
សម្រេចចិត្ត sɑmrac cət to decide to, to make up one's mind
Notes: ជើង ត; also written សំរេចចិត្ត
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
ចង់ cɑŋ 1. to want, wish, desire
2. to need
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
មាត់ច្រាំង moat craŋ river bank
ម្ខាងទៀត mkʰaaŋ tiət the other side, the other one (of a pair)
ហៅ hav 1. to call, name
2. to order (e.g. in a restaurant), specif. to stop a vehicle
3. to send for, summon
4. to invite (guests)
ត្រើយម្ខាង traəy mkʰaaŋ opposite side (e.g., of a river)
ជាទូទៅ cie tuu təv in general, as a whole, generally
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
ត្រើយ traəy shore, beach, bank (of a river)
ចំនួន cɑmnuən amount, number, quantity
ពីរ pii, pɨl two
និង nɨŋ and
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
រីឯ rii ʔae as for, regarding
ទល់មុខ tʊəl muk to be face to face, opposite (something)
អគារ ʔaʔkie building, house
ធំ tʰom to be big, tall, vast, important
Notes: irregular pronunciation
ជាច្រើន cie craən many, a lot, in abundance
ខ្ពស់ kpʊəh high, tall
ទាប tiep low (of height or class)
គឺជា kɨɨ cie 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
Notes: equivalent to គឺ
ជាយក្រុង ciey kroŋ suburbs
ស្រមោល srɑmaol 1. shadow, reflection, silhouette, image
2. spirit, devil
ទីក្រុង tii kroŋ city, town
ខាងមុខ kʰaaŋ muk 1. front, in front (of), ahead
2. forward, facing forward
3. in the future, coming
គោលដៅ kool dav goal, aim, objective
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
ទៅតាម tɨv taam 1. by, according to, through {គេគិតតម្លៃទៅតាមគីឡូ = they’re charging by the kilo}
2. to pursue, go after, go along with
3. to send for
4. to retrieve
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
ច្បាស់ cbah 1. clear, distinct, sure {ខ្ញុំអត់ច្បាស់ដែរ = I'm not sure (either)}
2.  clearly, surely, distinctly, definitely
ត្រូវតែ trəv tae have to, must, should, ought to