Talking about the taste of food 2 — Cultural note


នៅពេលមនុស្សម្នាក់មានអាហារដែលខ្លួនចូលចិត្តញ៉ាំតិចមុខ ហើយមិនព្រមញ៉ាំអ្វីដែលខ្លួនមិនចូលចិត្តសោះ ខ្មែរប្រើពាក្យថារើសម្ហូប”។ ភាសាសាមញ្ញហៅថាស៊ីរើស”។ នៅពេលអ្នកឃ្លាខាងក្រោម តើអ្នកដឹងថាជនជាតិខ្មែរកំពុងនិយាយលេងសើចទេ?
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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
មនុស្សម្នាក់ meaʔnuh mneak one person
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
អាហារ ʔaahaa food, meal
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
ខ្លួន kluən 1. body, figure, person, self
2. reflexive pronoun: myself, yourself, himself etc.
ចូលចិត្ត coul cət to like, to prefer
Notes: ជើង ត
ញ៉ាំ ɲam to eat, to drink, to consume
Notes: informal, of oneself, addressing children or close friends but not elders
តិច təc 1. to be few (in number), small (in size or extent), less
2. a little bit, somewhat
3. phrase-final: makes a request more polite {ចង់ពឹងឲ្យជួយលើកអីវ៉ាន់តិច = Can you please help me carrying these things?} {ខ្ញុំសុំលអាវនេះតិចបានអេ៎? = Can I try on this shirt here, please?}
មុខ muk 1. face, front
2. in front of
3. type, kind, variety
4. dish, kind of food
5. head, chief, chairman, president
6. mouth or opening of a stream
7. (sharp) edge (of a knife blade)
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
មិន mɨn negative particle not, non- (usually requires the final particle ទេ)
ព្រម prɔɔm 1. to agree, consent, approve
2. together, in unison, simultaneously
3. to go along with, to accompany
អ្វី ʔvəy 1. what?
2. anything, something, nothing
សោះ sɑh 1. final particle: (in negative clauses) at all, in the least, completely, utterly, absolutely, finally
2. to be completely out of
3. to be empty, devoid of content
4. to be tasteless, insipid, flavorless, lifeless
5. tired, exhausted
6. pale, anemic
ខ្មែរ kmae Khmer, Cambodian
ប្រើ praə to use
ពាក្យ piek word, term, expression, phrase
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
រើស rəəh 1. to choose, to select, to separate, to pick up (an unclaimed object), to collect
2. choosy, finicky
ម្ហូប mhoup food, meal
ភាសា pʰiesaa 1. language
2. speech, words
សាមញ្ញ saamaɲ 1. to be ordinary, common, simple, universal, conventional
2. religious austerity
3. religious mendicancy
ហៅ hav 1. to call, name
2. to order (e.g. in a restaurant), specif. to stop a vehicle
3. to send for, summon
4. to invite (guests)
ស៊ី sii 1. to eat (with humans it is intimate in urban centers but may be used more generally in rural areas)
2. to consume (food, fuel)
3. ស៊ីប្រេន = to sell at a high price just because it’s a brand name
អ្នក neak 1. you (to equals of both sexes)
2. person, one who... (used as an agentive particle to create nouns from predicatives)
lɨɨ 1. to hear
2. independent vowel representing the Sanskrit vowel លឭៃ (words spelled with ឮ may also be spelled with លឺ)
ឃ្លា klie 1. sentence, phrase, clause
2. line (of poetry)
3. the space between sentences or paragraphs
4. (spaces as) punctuation
5. to leave a gap or space between sentences
ខាងក្រោម kʰaaŋ kraom 1. below, underneath
2. at the bottom of
3. downstairs
4. southern
តើ taə 1. indicating an indirect question, it may often be translated as 'if' or 'whether'
2. phrase-final: used for emphasis
ដឹង dəŋ 1. to know, to be aware of, to be familiar with
2. [colloquial] can be used in the affirmative or, as an answer to a question, to mean ‘no’ {ដឹងហើយ = ok!} {ឯងដឹងថាគាត់ទៅណាអត់? ដឹង! = Do you know where he went to? No, I don’t.}
ជនជាតិ cɔɔn ciet 1. citizen, people {ជនជាតិខ្មែរ = Khmer people}
2. nationality
កំពុង kɑmpuŋ to be in the process of (doing something)
និយាយលេងសើច niʔyiey leeŋ saǝc to just be kidding
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
មិនមែន mɨn mɛɛn no, not, is not
ណា naa final particle to soften a statement or request
ស្រួល sruəl 1. to be easy, simple, proper
2. healthy, comfortable, pleasant
3. nice, carefree, without any complications
ចិញ្ចឹម cəɲcəm 1. to raise, care for
2. to nourish, feed
3. to adopt
4. to support, nurture
មែន mɛɛn 1. to be real, true, accurate, to be right, correct, it is true
2. really, actually, indeed
3. as a question tag: [...], really? [...], right?