Saying “A moment, please!” — Cultural note


របៀបនៃការធ្វើការងារធ្វើអ្វីមួយ មានភាពខុសគ្នាពីជនជាតិមួយទៅជនជាតិមួយជនជាតិជប៉ុនដែលមានទម្លាប់ធ្វើអ្វីលឿនគឺមិនចូលចិត្តឲ្យគេចាំ ចាំគេនោះទេប៉ុន្តែ សម្រាប់ជនជាតិខ្មែរ នៅពេលដែលគេនិយាយថាសូមចាំមួយភ្លែតពេលខ្លះត្រូវចាំយូរ ដោយសារសកម្មភាពរបស់ជនជាតិខ្មែរមានភាពយឺតយ៉ាវនៅខ្មែរ អ្នកប្រហែលជានឹងឧស្សាហ៍ពាក្យថា ចាំមួយភ្លែត កុំអាល ឈប់សិន

Link to overview page
Link to dictionary

KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
របៀប rɔbiəp 1. method, system, order, arrangement, organization
2. style, way
3. rules
នៃ ney 1. of, belonging to (more literary and formal than របស់)
2. links verb and its object
ការ kaa 1. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
2. work, occupation
3. business, affair, matter
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ធ្វើ tvəə to do, to make, to work, to prepare, to cultivate (a field)
ការងារ kaaŋie job, work, profession, duty, task
rɨɨ 1. or
2. phrase-final interrogative particle {មិនមែនឬ = Isn't it true?}
អ្វីមួយ ʔvǝymuǝy 1. what?
2. any, some, a certain one
3. anything, nothing, something
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ភាព pʰiep state, condition, shape, manner
ខុសគ្នា kʰoh knie 1. to be different from one another
2. incorrect
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
ជនជាតិ cɔɔn ciet 1. citizen, people {ជនជាតិខ្មែរ = Khmer people}
2. nationality
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ជប៉ុន ceaʔpon 1. Japan
2. Japanese
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
ទម្លាប់ tumloap 1. habit, custom
2. to make a habit of, to be accustomed to
អ្វី ʔvəy 1. what?
2. anything, something, nothing
លឿន lɨən fast, quick
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
មិន mɨn negative particle not, non- (usually requires the final particle ទេ)
ចូលចិត្ត coul cət to like, to prefer
Notes: ជើង ត
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
ចាំ cam 1. to wait (for)
2. to remember, to memorize, to know by heart
3. phrase-initial: I will do [...] for you very soon/now {ចាំខ្ញុំយកឲ្យវិញបង = I’ll get it back for you} {ចាំខ្ញុំពន្យល់ពីរបៀបប្រើ = I’ll explain you how it works} {ចាំមើលណា = Let me see...}
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
សម្រាប់ sɑmrap 1. for
2. used for, used to (make or do something)
ខ្មែរ kmae Khmer, Cambodian
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
និយាយ niʔyiey to speak, say, talk, relate, tell, to narrate, to talk over, discuss
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
សូម soum 1. to request, ask for
2. to beg, entreat
3. polite term used to introduce a sentence, meaning 'please, would you...', 'would you please'
ភ្លែត plɛɛt clf. for moments, instants {ចាំមួយភ្លែត = just a moment!/wait a moment!}
ពេលខ្លះ peel klah sometimes
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
យូរ yuu 1. slow
2. (of time) long
3. late
ដោយសារ daoy saa 1. because of, thanks to
2. depending on
សកម្មភាព saʔkammeaʔpʰiep activity
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
យឺតយ៉ាវ yɨɨt yaav to be slow, late (especially in terms of work)
អ្នក neak 1. you (to equals of both sexes)
2. person, one who... (used as an agentive particle to create nouns from predicatives)
ប្រហែល prɑhael 1. about, approximately
2. resembling, similar to, nearly identical
3. almost
4. maybe, probably, it is possible that, perhaps
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
នឹង nɨŋ future tense marker: will, about to
ឧស្សាហ៍ ʔussaa 1. often, frequently
2. diligent(ly), hard-working
3. to try hard, to work hard, to study, to persevere
lɨɨ 1. to hear
2. independent vowel representing the Sanskrit vowel លឭៃ (words spelled with ឮ may also be spelled with លឺ)
ពាក្យ piek word, term, expression, phrase
កុំអាល kom ʔaal don't be in a hurry to ..., don't rush to ...
ឈប់ cʰup 1. to stop, halt, cease {ឈប់ធ្វើការ = to quit one's job} {ឈប់ពីការងារ = to quit one's job} {ឡានពេទ្យបានឈប់ខាងមុខខ្លោងទ្វារមន្ទីរពេទ្យ = the ambulance stops in front of the hospital}
2. to stop, wait, hold on {ឈប់សិន = wait a moment!}
សិន sən 1. [phrase-final] for now, for the time being, for a moment
2. [phrase-final] first
Notes: polite final hortatory particle