Requesting and granting permission 2 — Additional dialogue


នៅហាងអាហារ
ភ្ញៀវអេ អូនសុំមីនុយ/យកមីនុយម៉ោតិចមើល
អ្នករត់តុបាទ បងនេះមីនុយ
...
ភ្ញៀវអេ អូន កុម្ម៉ង់បានអេ៎?
អ្នករត់តុបាទ បងត្រូវការអីគេដែរ?
ភ្ញៀវយកទឹកក្រឡុកមួយកែវ សុំកុំដាក់ទឹកដោះគោបានអត់?
អ្នករត់តុបានតាសបង ចាំខ្ញុំប្រាប់គេឲ្យ
ភ្ញៀវហើយជួយយកកៅអីថែមមកទៀតម៉ោបានអេ៎? តិចទៀតមានពួកម៉ាកម៉ោនាក់ទៀត
អ្នករត់តុបាទ
ភ្ញៀវនៅហ្នឹងអាចយកនំខួបកំណើតអីចូលបានអេ៎?
អ្នករត់តុនំខួបកំណើតយកចូលបានបង តែនំញ៉ាំធម្មតាយកចូលអត់បានអេ៎បង

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ហាង haaŋ store, shop
អាហារ ʔaahaa food, meal
ភ្ញៀវ pɲiəv 1. guest, visitor
2. client, customer
អេ ʔee 1. hey!
2. spoken form of the question particles ... អត់? or ... ទេ?
3. spoken form of the negation particle ទេ
Notes: colloquial
អូន ʔoun 1. I (younger brother, younger sister, sweetheart or wife - about themselves)
2. you (intimate or familiar address form for younger sibling, for one's wife or girl friend, or for a close friend who is younger)
3. you (politely addressing a stranger who's younger than oneself)
សុំ som to ask (for), to beg, to demand (may be used in a polite way by older persons to younger ones)
មីនុយ miinuy menu
Notes: BCF
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
ម៉ោ mao 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
Notes: spoken form of មក
តិចមើល təc məəl phrase-final: softens a command or request {ជួយបង្ហាញតិចមើល = Please show me!}
អ្នករត់តុ neak rʊət tok waiter
Notes: BCF; colloquial
បាទ baat male politeness particle, also used to answer in the affirmative, or agree to or acknowledge a statement
បង bɑɑŋ 1. elder sibling
2. you (addressing an acquaintance, friend, elder sibling, or husband), or I (if elder than the addressee)
3. you (politely addressing a stranger who's not too much younger than oneself)
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
កុម្ម៉ង់ kommɑŋ to order (e.g., food)
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
អេ៎ ʔee 1. hey!
2. spoken form of the question particles ... អត់? or ... ទេ?
3. spoken form of the negation particle ទេ
Notes: colloquial
ត្រូវការ trəv kaa 1. to need, require, want
2. to be necessary, needed, required
អីគេ ʔəy kee what {អីគេ? = Pardon?/What?} {អីគេហ្នឹង? = What is this?} {ជប់លៀងអីគេ វុទ្ធី? = What party, វុទ្ធី?}
Notes: colloquial
ដែរ dae 1. also, too, likewise, in the same way
2. indeed, quite, rather
3. marks a polite, gentler, less abrupt statement: all the same, even so, nevertheless
ទឹកក្រឡុក tɨk krɑlok fruit shake
Notes: BCF
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
កែវ kaev 1. glass
2. clf. for glassfuls
កុំ kom do not ...
ដាក់ dak 1. to put, place
2. to deposit
3. to add (ingredients)
4. to set (e.g., a trap)
5. to establish
6. to assign
7. to locate, settle, station
8. to lock up
9. to fasten
10. to use
11. to strike, hit hard
12. to affect
13. to subject someone to
14. to be hard hit, suffer a setback
15. to have bad luck, cause bad luck
16. to feel unwell, have an upset stomach (especially after eating certain fruits)
17. to contract for
18. to subscribe to
19. to renounce (a throne)
20. to put aside (religious vows)
21. in, into, on
22. to eat, drink
23. to kneel
24. command to an elephant to kneel by bending the rear legs
ទឹកដោះគោ tɨk dɑh koo (cow's) milk
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
តាស taah 1. particle in final position when giving a positive answer to a yes/no question {កន្លែងនេះអង្គុយបានអេ៎? ចា៎ស បានតាស។ = Can I sit here? Sure!}
2. particle in final position used to affirm the preceding {ល្អតាស! = Sounds good!}
3. particle in final position after a negative response: expresses that the preceding is a correction of what the other person has said {ធារីមែន? អត់ទេ ខ្ញុំកញ្ញាតាស។ = You’re ធារី, right? No, I’m កញ្ញា!} {ឯងទៅសាលាមែន? អត់ទេ ខ្ញុំទៅផ្សារតាស។ = You’re going to school, right? No, I’m going to the market!}
Notes: colloquial; spoken form of ទេតើ
ចាំ cam 1. to wait (for)
2. to remember, to memorize, to know by heart
3. phrase-initial: I will do [...] for you very soon/now {ចាំខ្ញុំយកឲ្យវិញបង = I’ll get it back for you} {ចាំខ្ញុំពន្យល់ពីរបៀបប្រើ = I’ll explain you how it works} {ចាំមើលណា = Let me see...}
ខ្ញុំ kɲom I
ប្រាប់ prap 1. to tell, say, state, inform, report
2. to explain
3. to point out
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ជួយ cuəy to help, to assist
កៅអី kav ʔəy chair, seat
ថែម tʰaem 1. to add (to), increase, to do something additional {ទិញមួយថែមមួយ = buy one, get one free}
2. to complete
3. to make change
4. again, more, in addition to, including, moreover
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
តិចទៀត təc tiət shortly, in a few minutes
Notes: BCF
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ពួកម៉ាក puək maak friend, buddy
Notes: used more frequently in spoken Khmer than មិត្តភក្តិ
នាក់ neak clf. for people
ហ្នឹង nɨŋ this, that, right here, right now (colloquial form of នេះ = this, that)
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
នំ num cake, cooky, pastry, sweet, generic term for sweet pastries
ខួបកំណើត kʰuəp kɑmnaət birthday
អី ʔəy 1. what? {អីហ្នឹង?/អីគេ?/អីគេហ្នឹង? = what is this?/what?} {កាន់អីនៅនឹងដៃហ្នឹង? = What are [you] holding in [your] hand?}
2. something, anything {មានអីអត់ = Are you all right?/Is everything ok?/Did anything happen?} {ខ្ញុំទៅក្រៅញ៉ាំអី = I’m going out to eat something}
Notes: variant of អ្វី
ចូល coul 1. to enter, go in, penetrate
2. to approach
3. to reach
4. to begin, set in
5. may indicate the adverbial meaning of ‘inwardly’ or ‘forwardly’ directed movement
6. to enter into, subscribe to, contribute to
7. to take in (as revenue)
8. to mate (of animals)
9. to go into a trance (of a medium)
10. to possess (as a spirit possesses a medium)
11. to agree with
តែ tae 1. but, however
2. only, just
3. tea
ញ៉ាំ ɲam to eat, to drink, to consume
Notes: informal, of oneself, addressing children or close friends but not elders
ធម្មតា tʰoam meaʔ taa 1. to be natural, habitual, usual, ordinary
2. usually, ordinarily