Requesting and granting permission 2 — Dialogue 1


នៅហាងលក់កាបូប
ស្រីរ័ត្នបង ខ្ញុំសុំមើលកាបូបនោះតិចបានអេ៎?
អ្នកលក់មើលបានតាសអូនអាមួយនោះមែន?
ស្រីរ័ត្នចា៎ស
អ្នកលក់ម៉ូតហ្នឹងទើបតែម៉ោថ្មី

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ហាង haaŋ store, shop
លក់ lʊək 1. to sell
2. asleep {ដេកលក់ = to be sound asleep, to sleep deeply} {ដេកមិនលក់ = to not be able to fall asleep, to have insomnia}
កាបូប kaaboup 1. bag
2. purse, wallet
ស្រីរ័ត្ន srəy roat female Cambodian name
បង bɑɑŋ 1. elder sibling
2. you (addressing an acquaintance, friend, elder sibling, or husband), or I (if elder than the addressee)
3. you (politely addressing a stranger who's not too much younger than oneself)
ខ្ញុំ kɲom I
សុំ som to ask (for), to beg, to demand (may be used in a polite way by older persons to younger ones)
មើល məəl 1. to look at, to watch, to watch for, to observe
2. particle: come on, give it a try
3. let me see!
4. phrase-final: softens a command or request {ជួយបង្ហាញតិចមើល = Please show me!}
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
តិច təc 1. to be few (in number), small (in size or extent), less
2. a little bit, somewhat
3. phrase-final: makes a request more polite {ចង់ពឹងឲ្យជួយលើកអីវ៉ាន់តិច = Can you please help me carrying these things?} {ខ្ញុំសុំលអាវនេះតិចបានអេ៎? = Can I try on this shirt here, please?}
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
អេ៎ ʔee 1. hey!
2. spoken form of the question particles ... អត់? or ... ទេ?
3. spoken form of the negation particle ទេ
Notes: colloquial
អ្នកលក់ neak lʊək seller
តាស taah 1. particle in final position when giving a positive answer to a yes/no question {កន្លែងនេះអង្គុយបានអេ៎? ចា៎ស បានតាស។ = Can I sit here? Sure!}
2. particle in final position used to affirm the preceding {ល្អតាស! = Sounds good!}
3. particle in final position after a negative response: expresses that the preceding is a correction of what the other person has said {ធារីមែន? អត់ទេ ខ្ញុំកញ្ញាតាស។ = You’re ធារី, right? No, I’m កញ្ញា!} {ឯងទៅសាលាមែន? អត់ទេ ខ្ញុំទៅផ្សារតាស។ = You’re going to school, right? No, I’m going to the market!}
Notes: colloquial; spoken form of ទេតើ
អូន ʔoun 1. I (younger brother, younger sister, sweetheart or wife - about themselves)
2. you (intimate or familiar address form for younger sibling, for one's wife or girl friend, or for a close friend who is younger)
3. you (politely addressing a stranger who's younger than oneself)
អា ʔaa 1. preceding nouns, noun phrases or adjectives in colloquial speech {អាមួយនោះមែន? = This one, right?} {អាពណ៌បៃតង = the green one} {មានតែអាទុំអេ៎ហ្ន៎? អត់មានអាខ្ចីអេ៎? = Do you only have ripe ones? You don’t have green ones?}
2. used preceding nouns, noun phrases or adjectives giving them a pejorative, derogatory or familiar meaning
3. the vowel [a] when spelling
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
មែន mɛɛn 1. to be real, true, accurate, to be right, correct, it is true
2. really, actually, indeed
3. as a question tag: [...], really? [...], right?
ចា៎ស caah 1. yes (used by women)
2. often merely a polite word of acknowledgment, especially at the beginning of a sentence
Notes: same as ចាស, but written with a diacritic to indicate high intonation
ម៉ូត mout 1. style, fashion, mode
2. brand
3. to be stylish, fashionable
ហ្នឹង nɨŋ this, that, right here, right now (colloquial form of នេះ = this, that)
ទើបតែ təəp tae just
ម៉ោ mao 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
Notes: spoken form of មក
ថ្មី tməy new