Inviting someone to eat together — Dialogue


សម្រាកថ្ងៃត្រង់ នៅកន្លែងធ្វើការ
ធារីកញ្ញា! ញ៉ាំបាយនៅ? មក មកញ៉ាំជាមួយគ្នា?
កញ្ញាអូ ធារី! ញ៉ាំមុនចុះខ្ញុំអត់ទាន់ឃ្លានទេ
វុទ្ធីមកញ៉ាំបាយសិនមក កញ្ញាហួសម៉ោងសម្រាកឥឡូវហើយ!
កញ្ញាអូខេ! ខ្ញុំទៅយកបាយម្ហូបខ្ញុំមកសិនអីចឹង
វុទ្ធីថ្ងៃអាទិត្យហ្នឹង ខ្ញុំទៅលេងផ្ទះបងតារាធារីជាមួយកញ្ញាចង់ទៅលេងដែរអត់?
ធារីអីចឹង? ចង់ទៅតាស! កញ្ញាទៅអត់?
កញ្ញាខ្ញុំអត់បានទៅទេ ព្រោះមានការរវល់នៅផ្ទះបន្តិច

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
សម្រាក sɑmraak 1. to rest, to relax, to cause to relieve
2. break {សម្រាកថ្ងៃត្រង់ = lunch break}
Notes: root: ស្រាក; also written សំរាក
ថ្ងៃត្រង់ tŋay trɑŋ noon
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
កន្លែងធ្វើការ kɑnlaeŋ tvəə kaa office, workplace
ធារី tʰierii female Cambodian name
កញ្ញា kaɲɲaa female Cambodian name
ញ៉ាំបាយ ɲam baay general term for 'to eat' (neutral form for younger persons and persons of the same age)
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
ញ៉ាំ ɲam to eat, to drink, to consume
Notes: informal, of oneself, addressing children or close friends but not elders
ជាមួយគ្នា cie muəy knie 1. together, with one another, reciprocally
2. the same (as)
អូ ʔou oh, aha (exclamation expressing sudden realization, or loss of doubt)
មុន mun 1. previous(ly), former(ly) {ខែមុន = last month}
2. first, before {ញ៉ាំមុនចុះ = Go ahead and eat first!}
ចុះ coh phrase-final particle: mild imperative indicating permission {ញ៉ាំចុះ = Go ahead and eat!}
ខ្ញុំ kɲom I
អត់ទាន់ ʔɑt toan not yet
ឃ្លាន klien 1. to be hungry
2. to be hungry for
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
វុទ្ធី vutʰii male Cambodian name
សិន sən 1. [phrase-final] for now, for the time being, for a moment
2. [phrase-final] first
Notes: polite final hortatory particle
ហួស huǝh 1. to exceed, surpass, go beyond, pass, run past (a red light, a street, etc.)
2. to exaggerate
3. to skip, omit
4. beyond, over
5. much more, too much, more than
ម៉ោង maoŋ 1. hour
2. o'clock
3. clock, time {សប្បាយពេកភ្លេចមើលម៉ោង = it was so much fun that I forgot to watch the clock}
ឥឡូវ ʔləv, ʔiʔləv, ʔəyləv now, at the present time, at this time
Notes: also written ឥលូវ
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
អូខេ ʔou kʰej OK
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
បាយ baay 1. cooked rice
2. food, meal
ម្ហូប mhoup food, meal
អីចឹង ʔəycəŋ 1. like this, like that, in that way, then {គិតម៉េចទៅអីចឹង? = What are you going to do next?} {ធ្វើមុខអីអីចឹង? = Why are you making such a face?}
2. really?
Notes: variant: អ៊ីចឹង
ថ្ងៃអាទិត្យ tŋay ʔaatɨt Sunday
ហ្នឹង nɨŋ this, that, right here, right now (colloquial form of នេះ = this, that)
លេង leeŋ 1. to play
2. to do something for fun or pleasure
3. to joke
ផ្ទះ pteah house, home, residence, building
បង bɑɑŋ 1. elder sibling
2. you (addressing an acquaintance, friend, elder sibling, or husband), or I (if elder than the addressee)
3. you (politely addressing a stranger who's not too much younger than oneself)
តារា taaraa male Cambodian name
ជាមួយ cie muəy with
ចង់ cɑŋ 1. to want, wish, desire
2. to need
ដែរ dae 1. also, too, likewise, in the same way
2. indeed, quite, rather
3. marks a polite, gentler, less abrupt statement: all the same, even so, nevertheless
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
តាស taah 1. particle in final position when giving a positive answer to a yes/no question {កន្លែងនេះអង្គុយបានអេ៎? ចា៎ស បានតាស។ = Can I sit here? Sure!}
2. particle in final position used to affirm the preceding {ល្អតាស! = Sounds good!}
3. particle in final position after a negative response: expresses that the preceding is a correction of what the other person has said {ធារីមែន? អត់ទេ ខ្ញុំកញ្ញាតាស។ = You’re ធារី, right? No, I’m កញ្ញា!} {ឯងទៅសាលាមែន? អត់ទេ ខ្ញុំទៅផ្សារតាស។ = You’re going to school, right? No, I’m going to the market!}
Notes: colloquial; spoken form of ទេតើ
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ការ kaa 1. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
2. work, occupation
3. business, affair, matter
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
រវល់ rɔvʊəl busy, occupied
បន្តិច bɑntəc 1. a little, a little bit, in small amounts, few
2. rather, slightly, just barely
3. in a little while
Notes: ជើង ត