Indicating Agreement — Cultural note


នៅប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ក៏ដូចជានៅប្រទេសដទៃទៀតដែរ គឺមានពាក្យជាគ្រាមភាសាជាច្រើនគ្រាមភាសាក្នុងភាសាអង់គ្លេសអាចរកឃើញក្នុងវចនានុក្រម ប៉ុន្តែ គ្រាមភាសារបស់ខ្មែរភាគច្រើនមិនមានក្នុងវចនានុក្រមនោះទេពាក្យថា យល់ព្រម យល់ស្រប អាចនិយាយជាគ្រាមភាសាក្នុងភាសានិយាយបានថា អឺអើឧទាហរណ៍ អឺអើជាមួយគេ អឺអើហើយ ជាដើម

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ប្រទេស prɑteeh country, nation
កម្ពុជា kampuʔcie Cambodia
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
ដូចជា douc cie such as, like, as though, to seem as though, for instance
ដទៃទៀត dɑtey tiət different, other
ដែរ dae 1. also, too, likewise, in the same way
2. indeed, quite, rather
3. marks a polite, gentler, less abrupt statement: all the same, even so, nevertheless
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ពាក្យ piek word, term, expression, phrase
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
គ្រាមភាសា kriem pʰiesaa dialect, regional language
ជាច្រើន cie craən many, a lot, in abundance
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
ភាសា pʰiesaa 1. language
2. speech, words
អង់គ្លេស ʔɑŋkleeh English
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
រក rɔɔk 1. to look, search for, seek
2. to look up (e.g., in a dictionary)
3. to see, to visit
4. to request, ask for, ask someone to do something
5. to think about, plan/intend to {រកទៅ … = I’m thinking of [doing sth.], I’m about to [do sth.]} {ខ្ញុំរកជម្រាបលាលោកអ៊ំសិនហើយ = I'm thinking of saying goodbye already, uncle} {ខ្ញុំគិតរកទៅសិនហើយណា = I'm thinking of going/I'm about to leave} {ខ្ញុំកំពុងរកចង់ព្យួររូបថតមួយនេះ = I’m about to hang up a picture here}
6. is about to {មេឃរកភ្លៀងតែអត់ភ្លៀងសោះ = the sky looks like it’s going to rain but it isn’t raining at all}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
វចនានុក្រម veaʔcaʔnaanuʔkrɑm dictionary
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
ខ្មែរ kmae Khmer, Cambodian
ភាគច្រើន pʰiek craən 1. mostly
2. majority
មិន mɨn negative particle not, non- (usually requires the final particle ទេ)
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
យល់ព្រម yʊəl prɔɔm to approve, to agree
rɨɨ 1. or
2. phrase-final interrogative particle {មិនមែនឬ = Isn't it true?}
យល់ស្រប yʊəl srɑɑp to agree, to fully agree, to approve
និយាយ niʔyiey to speak, say, talk, relate, tell, to narrate, to talk over, discuss
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
អឺអើ ʔəɨ ʔaə 1. to help, to agree to help, to care about
2. colloquial: indicates agreement
ឧទាហរណ៍ ʔuʔtiehɑɑ 1. example
2. for example
ជាមួយ cie muəy with
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ជាដើម cie daəm 1. for example, for instance
2. as above, as listed (or given) above
3. first of all, first and foremost