Greetings and leave takings 2 — Dialogue 3


តារា៖ (កំពុងញ៉ាំបាយ) ពូសាន! ទៅណាហ្នឹងពូ? មកពិសាបាយសិនអីពូ?
សានអូ តារា! អត់អីទេ ហូបចុះពូមានការប្រញាប់បន្តិច

ពូគិតរកទៅសិនហើយ ថ្ងៃនេះអត់បាននៅនិយាយលេងយូរទេ ត្រូវប្រញាប់ទៅផ្ទះបងប្អូនមានការបន្តិច
តារាបាទ អញ្ជើញចុះពូ សុខសប្បាយណាពូ

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
តារា taaraa male Cambodian name
កំពុង kɑmpuŋ to be in the process of (doing something)
ញ៉ាំបាយ ɲam baay general term for 'to eat' (neutral form for younger persons and persons of the same age)
ពូ puu 1. uncle (younger brother of either parent)
2. respectful term of address to older men
សាន saan male Cambodian name
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ណា naa 1. which, any
2. where, somewhere, anywhere
ហ្នឹង nɨŋ this, that, right here, right now (colloquial form of នេះ = this, that)
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
ពិសា piʔsaa, piisaa to eat, to consume
Notes: polite form used when speaking to older persons
បាយ baay 1. cooked rice
2. food, meal
សិន sən 1. [phrase-final] for now, for the time being, for a moment
2. [phrase-final] first
Notes: polite final hortatory particle
អី ʔəy 1. what? {អីហ្នឹង?/អីគេ?/អីគេហ្នឹង? = what is this?/what?} {កាន់អីនៅនឹងដៃហ្នឹង? = What are [you] holding in [your] hand?}
2. something, anything {មានអីអត់ = Are you all right?/Is everything ok?/Did anything happen?} {ខ្ញុំទៅក្រៅញ៉ាំអី = I’m going out to eat something}
Notes: variant of អ្វី
អូ ʔou oh, aha (exclamation expressing sudden realization, or loss of doubt)
អត់អីទេ ʔɑt ʔəy tee 1. it doesn't matter, it's all right
2. surely, certainly
Notes: see also មិនអីទេ
ហូប houp to eat
ចុះ coh phrase-final particle: mild imperative indicating permission {ញ៉ាំចុះ = Go ahead and eat!}
មានការ mien kaa 1. to have business to do (with something or someone)
2. to be busy
ប្រញាប់ prɑɲap 1. to hurry, to be in a hurry
2. quickly, promptly
បន្តិច bɑntəc 1. a little, a little bit, in small amounts, few
2. rather, slightly, just barely
3. in a little while
Notes: ជើង ត
គិត kɨt 1. to think, to realize
2. to calculate
3. to charge
រក rɔɔk 1. to look, search for, seek
2. to look up (e.g., in a dictionary)
3. to see, to visit
4. to request, ask for, ask someone to do something
5. to think about, plan/intend to {រកទៅ … = I’m thinking of [doing sth.], I’m about to [do sth.]} {ខ្ញុំរកជម្រាបលាលោកអ៊ំសិនហើយ = I'm thinking of saying goodbye already, uncle} {ខ្ញុំគិតរកទៅសិនហើយណា = I'm thinking of going/I'm about to leave} {ខ្ញុំកំពុងរកចង់ព្យួររូបថតមួយនេះ = I’m about to hang up a picture here}
6. is about to {មេឃរកភ្លៀងតែអត់ភ្លៀងសោះ = the sky looks like it’s going to rain but it isn’t raining at all}
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ថ្ងៃនេះ tŋay nih today
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
និយាយលេង niʔyiey leeŋ to joke
យូរ yuu 1. slow
2. (of time) long
3. late
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
ផ្ទះ pteah house, home, residence, building
បងប្អូន bɑɑŋ pʔoun 1. brothers and sisters, siblings
2. relatives
បាទ baat male politeness particle, also used to answer in the affirmative, or agree to or acknowledge a statement
អញ្ជើញ ʔɑɲcəəɲ 1. to invite/summon (someone to do something)
2. please do, go ahead and ...
3. used before verbs of motion and certain other verbs as a sign of respect {អញ្ជើញចូល = please come in!} {អញ្ជើញទៅណាមកណាហ្នឹង? = [spoken politely to someone who's older] Where are you going?}
សុខសប្បាយ sok sapbaay to be well and happy (commonly used in the greeting សុខសប្បាយឬទេ? = How are you?, but can also used when saying goodbye)
ណា naa final particle to soften a statement or request