Getting someone’s attention — Cultural note


ស្របពេលដែលមានការប្រើប្រាស់ទូរស័ព្ទដៃទំនើប (ស្មាតហ្វូន) កាន់តែច្រើនឡើង ការសន្ទនាផ្ទាល់មាត់ កាន់តែតិចទៅៗ។ មនុស្សជាច្រើនប្រើពេលសម្លឹងមើលទូរស័ព្ទ ច្រើនជាងការចាប់អារម្មណ៍ទៅលើមនុស្សជុំវិញខ្លួននៅប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ការហៅដោយការប៉ះស្មាដៃតិចគឺជាការធម្មតាពេលខ្លះ ក៏មានការពញ្ញាក់ពីក្រោយ ចាក់ក្រឡេកត្រង់ចង្កេះចំពោះមនុស្សជិតស្និទ្ធ

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
ស្រប srɑɑp 1. to agree, match, rhyme
2. to be consistent (with)
3. to be parallel (to), be in accord (with) {ស្របពេលដែល [...] = at the same time that [...]}
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ការ kaa 1. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
2. work, occupation
3. business, affair, matter
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ប្រើប្រាស់ praə prah to use
ទូរស័ព្ទដៃ tuureaʔsap day mobile phone
ទំនើប tumnəəp modern, up-to-date, recent
Notes: root: ទើប
ស្មាតហ្វូន smaat foun smartphone
កាន់តែ kan tae more and more, further, becoming more and more, increasingly, continually
ច្រើន craən 1. much, many, numerous, very much
2. mostly, often
ឡើង laəŋ 1. to go up, ascend
2. (of aircraft) to take off
3. to rise, get up
4. to climb
5. to get on/board (a means of transport)
6. to go upstream
7. to ferment, rise (of dough)
8. to increase
9. up, upwards
10. upstream
11. increasingly
12. on
13. often occurs as a verb complement in various meanings
សន្ទនា sɑnteaʔnie 1. to converse, to discuss
2. conversation, discussion
ផ្ទាល់ ptoal 1. directly, personally
2. to be close to
មាត់ moat 1. mouth
2. bank, shore (of a river, lake, sea)
3. opening (e.g., of a jar or bag)
តិច təc 1. to be few (in number), small (in size or extent), less
2. a little bit, somewhat
3. phrase-final: makes a request more polite {ចង់ពឹងឲ្យជួយលើកអីវ៉ាន់តិច = Can you please help me carrying these things?} {ខ្ញុំសុំលអាវនេះតិចបានអេ៎? = Can I try on this shirt here, please?}
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
មនុស្ស mɔnuh, meaʔnuh human being, person
ជាច្រើន cie craən many, a lot, in abundance
ប្រើ praə to use
សម្លឹង samlǝŋ to gaze, to stare
Notes: root: ស្លឹង; also written សំឡឹង
មើល məəl 1. to look at, to watch, to watch for, to observe
2. particle: come on, give it a try
3. let me see!
4. phrase-final: softens a command or request {ជួយបង្ហាញតិចមើល = Please show me!}
ទូរស័ព្ទ tuureaʔsap 1. telephone
2. to call (by phone)
Notes: also written ទូរសព្ទ
ជាង cieŋ 1. more than
2. marks the comparative degree of an adjective {ល្អជាង = better}
ចាប់អារម្មណ៍ cap ʔaarɑm to be interested in, to be impressed by {គួរឲ្យចាប់អារម្មណ៍ = interesting}
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
ជុំវិញ cum vɨɲ 1. around, surrounding, on all sides
2. about, concerning
ខ្លួន kluən 1. body, figure, person, self
2. reflexive pronoun: myself, yourself, himself etc.
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ប្រទេស prɑteeh country, nation
កម្ពុជា kampuʔcie Cambodia
ហៅ hav 1. to call, name
2. to order (e.g. in a restaurant), specif. to stop a vehicle
3. to send for, summon
4. to invite (guests)
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
ប៉ះ pah 1. to hit, to collide with
2. to touch, come in contact with
3. to meet, encounter, confront
ស្មា smaa shoulder
rɨɨ 1. or
2. phrase-final interrogative particle {មិនមែនឬ = Isn't it true?}
ដៃ day arm, hand
គឺជា kɨɨ cie 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
Notes: equivalent to គឺ
ធម្មតា tʰoam meaʔ taa 1. to be natural, habitual, usual, ordinary
2. usually, ordinarily
ពេលខ្លះ peel klah sometimes
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
ពញ្ញាក់ pʊəɲɲeak 1. to stun, stupefy, astonish
2. to frighten/startle someone, make someone flinch/wince
ពីក្រោយ pii kraoy behind, from behind
ចាក់ក្រឡេក cak krɑlejk to tickle
ត្រង់ trɑŋ 1. straight, directly
2. exactly in (some spot)
3. upright, vertical
4. frank, honest, fair
ចង្កេះ cɑŋkeh hip, waist
ចំពោះ cɑmpʊəh toward, to, about, as for
ជិតស្និទ្ធ cɨt snǝt to be close, intimate