Forbidding someone to do something — Cultural note


នៅខ្មែរ ការមកធ្វើការយឺតមកយឺតម៉ោងណាត់ កើតឡើងញឹកញាប់វាជាទម្លាប់អាក្រក់របស់ជនជាតិខ្មែរនាឡិកាទាំងអស់នៅប្រទេសខ្មែរមិនចង្អុលម៉ោងដូចគ្នាបេះបិទនោះទេ គឺខុសគ្នាប្រហែល ១០ ទៅ ១៥ នាទី រីឯនៅប្រទេសជប៉ុនគ្រប់នាឡិកាគឺចង្អុលម៉ោងនិងនាទីដូចគ្នាបេះបិទ

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ខ្មែរ kmae Khmer, Cambodian
ការ kaa 1. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
2. work, occupation
3. business, affair, matter
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
ធ្វើការ tvəə kaa to work
យឺត yɨɨt 1. to be slow, late
2. to stretch, to be elastic
rɨɨ 1. or
2. phrase-final interrogative particle {មិនមែនឬ = Isn't it true?}
ម៉ោង maoŋ 1. hour
2. o'clock
3. clock, time {សប្បាយពេកភ្លេចមើលម៉ោង = it was so much fun that I forgot to watch the clock}
ណាត់ nat 1. to determine, fix (a time for something), set/schedule (an appointment) {ខ្ញុំមានណាត់ហើយ = I’ve got an appointment already}
2. to promise, stand by (an agreement), commit oneself
3. clf. for gunshots
កើតឡើង kaət laəŋ to happen, occur
ញឹកញាប់ ɲɨk ɲoap 1. repeatedly, many times
2. often, frequently, on many occasions
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
ទម្លាប់ tumloap 1. habit, custom
2. to make a habit of, to be accustomed to
អាក្រក់ ʔaakrɑk 1. to be bad, mean
2. unattractive, ugly
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
ជនជាតិ cɔɔn ciet 1. citizen, people {ជនជាតិខ្មែរ = Khmer people}
2. nationality
នាឡិកា nieleʔkaa 1. clock, watch
2. hour
ទាំងអស់ teaŋ ʔɑh all, all of
ប្រទេស prɑteeh country, nation
មិន mɨn negative particle not, non- (usually requires the final particle ទេ)
ចង្អុល cɑŋʔol 1. to point directly at, indicate, point out, show (by pointing)
2. to confirm
ដូចគ្នា douc knie 1. to be alike, like, just as, like each other, same, the same kind of thing, such as
2. + នឹង: to resemble
3. as a response to a good wish etc.: same to you
បេះបិទ beh bət closely resembling, nearly identical
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
ខុសគ្នា kʰoh knie 1. to be different from one another
2. incorrect
ប្រហែល prɑhael 1. about, approximately
2. resembling, similar to, nearly identical
3. almost
4. maybe, probably, it is possible that, perhaps
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
នាទី nietii 1. minute
2. domain, scope, jurisdiction
3. role, function, duty, area of concern, business
4. rank
រីឯ rii ʔae as for, regarding
ជប៉ុន ceaʔpon 1. Japan
2. Japanese
គ្រប់ krup 1. all of, every
2. to be enough, complete, whole, entire
3. to rule, administer, govern
4. to manage
5. to take care of
6. to regulate
និង nɨŋ and