Forbidding someone to do something — Dialogue 2


បម្រាមក្នុងក្រុមហ៊ុន
ប្រធានសម្រាប់បុគ្គលិកថ្មី យើងមានបម្រាមខ្លះដែលត្រូវឲ្យដឹងទីមួយ ហាមមកធ្វើការយឺតលើសពី ១០ នាទីទីពីរ ហាមជក់បារីក្នុងការិយាល័យទីបី ហាមបើកសំឡេងទូរស័ព្ទរោទ៍ឲ្យ ត្រូវដាក់សាយឡិនជានិច្ច
បុគ្គលិកបាទ/ចាស បង
ប្រធានអូ ហើយកុំចេញទៅក្រៅក្រុមហ៊ុនក្នុងពេលម៉ោងធ្វើការដោយមិនមានការអនុញ្ញាតត្រូវប្រាប់បងឲ្យដឹងគ្រប់ពេល

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បម្រាម bɑmraam prohibitory notice, prohibition, interdiction
Notes: root: ប្រាម
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
ក្រុមហ៊ុន kromhun company, corporation
ប្រធាន prɑtʰien 1. boss
2. chairman, leader, president (of an organization)
3. to be supreme, highest, most important
សម្រាប់ sɑmrap 1. for
2. used for, used to (make or do something)
បុគ្គលិក bokkeaʔlɨk employee, staff
ថ្មី tməy new
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ខ្លះ klah some (serves as a plural marker with ណា​​ and អ្វី)
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of / to / in / at which / whom
3. the fact / reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
ដឹង dəŋ 1. to know, to be aware of, to be familiar with
2. [colloquial] can be used in the affirmative or, as an answer to a question, to mean ‘no’ {ដឹងហើយ = ok!} {ឯងដឹងថាគាត់ទៅណាអត់? ដឹង! = Do you know where he went to? No, I don’t.}
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ហាម haam 1. to forbid, prohibit, prevent
2. put a stop to
3. restrict, bar, block
4. border, edge (of a plate), rim, brim (of a hat)
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present
ធ្វើការ tvəə kaa to work
យឺត yɨɨt 1. to be slow, late
2. to stretch, to be elastic
លើស lǝǝh 1. to pass/go beyond, exceed, surpass
2. more, too (much), over
3. in addition, more than necessary
4. the most, more than all others
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
នាទី nietii 1. minute
2. domain, scope, jurisdiction
3. role, function, duty, area of concern, business
4. rank
ពីរ pii, pɨl two
ជក់ cʊək 1. to smoke (e.g., tobacco), to inhale, to suck in
2. to be absorbed by, fascinated with, obsessed with
3. brush, small brush
បារី baarəy, pərəy cigarette
ការិយាល័យ kaareʔyaalay office, bureau, department, section
បី bəy 1. three
2. to carry lovingly (especially a baby) in the arms
បើក baək 1. to open {បើកប្រអប់ = to open a box} {បើកហាង = to open a shop}
2. to turn on (e.g., a light, faucet, radio) {បើកទឹកម៉ាស៊ីន = to turn on the water/faucet}
3. of the sun: to shine
4. to drive (an automobile), generally to operate a vehicle which is powered by an engine
សំឡេង sɑmlejŋ voice, sound
Notes: also written សំលេង
ទូរស័ព្ទ tuureaʔsap 1. telephone
2. to call (by phone)
Notes: also written ទូរសព្ទ
រោទ៍ roo 1. to cry out loudly
2. to roar, bellow
3. (of music) to resound
4. (of a bell) to ring
5. (of a motor) to run/operate (especially at a high number of rpm's)
lɨɨ 1. to hear
2. independent vowel representing the Sanskrit vowel លឭៃ (words spelled with ឮ may also be spelled with លឺ)
ដាក់ dak 1. to put, place
2. to deposit
3. to add (ingredients)
4. to set (e.g., a trap)
5. to establish
6. to assign
7. to locate, settle, station
8. to lock up
9. to fasten
10. to use
11. to strike, hit hard
12. to affect
13. to subject someone to
14. to be hard hit, suffer a setback
15. to have bad luck, cause bad luck
16. to feel unwell, have an upset stomach (especially after eating certain fruits)
17. to contract for
18. to subscribe to
19. to renounce (a throne)
20. to put aside (religious vows)
21. in, into, on
22. to eat, drink
23. to kneel
24. command to an elephant to kneel by bending the rear legs
សាយឡិន saaylən silent (as in silent mode of a telephone)
ជានិច្ច cie nɨc always
បាទ baat male politeness particle, also used to answer in the affirmative, or agree to or acknowledge a statement
ចាស caah 1. yes (used by women)
2. often merely a polite word of acknowledgment, especially at the beginning of a sentence
បង bɑɑŋ 1. elder sibling
2. you (addressing an acquaintance, friend, elder sibling, or husband), or I (if elder than the addressee)
3. you (politely addressing a stranger who's not too much younger than oneself)
អូ ʔou oh, aha (exclamation expressing sudden realization, or loss of doubt)
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
កុំ kom do not ...
ចេញ cəɲ 1. to leave, to go out, to depart
2. out, off, away (also figuratively) {ខ្ញុំគិតអត់ចេញ = I can't figure it out}
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ក្រៅ krav 1. outside, out
2. foreign
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ម៉ោង maoŋ 1. hour
2. o'clock
3. clock, time {សប្បាយពេកភ្លេចមើលម៉ោង = it was so much fun that I forgot to watch the clock}
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
មិន mɨn negative particle not, non- (usually requires the final particle ទេ)
ការ kaa 1. work, occupation
2. business, affair, matter
3. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
អនុញ្ញាត ʔaʔnuɲɲaat 1. to allow, authorize, to permit
2. authorization, permission
ប្រាប់ prap 1. to tell, say, state, inform, report
2. to explain
3. to point out
គ្រប់ krup 1. all of, every
2. to be enough, complete, whole, entire
3. to rule, administer, govern
4. to manage
5. to take care of
6. to regulate