Expressing dislikes 1 — Dialogue 1


នៅក្នុងភោជនីយដ្ឋាន
កុសលចង់ញ៉ាំអី កន្និកា?
កន្និកាមានអីខ្លះអញ្ចេះ? … ហៅតុំយ៉ាំ ម៉េចដែរ?
កុសលតុំយ៉ាំហ្នឹង ជូរហឹរអីចឹងខ្ញុំដូចអត់សូវចូលចិត្តផង
កន្និកាអូ កុសលឯងអត់ចូលចិត្តតុំយ៉ាំអេអ៎? ហៅអីផ្សេងវិញទៅអីចឹងសម្លការីម៉េចដែរ?
កុសលសម្លការី អត់អីទេ ខ្ញុំចូលចិត្តតាស
កន្និកាអូខេ យកសម្លការីមួយហើយអីទៀត?

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
ភោជនីយដ្ឋាន pʰooceaʔniiyeaʔtʰaan restaurant
កុសល koʔsɑl male Cambodian name
ចង់ cɑŋ 1. to want, wish, desire
2. to need
ញ៉ាំ ɲam to eat, to drink, to consume
Notes: informal, of oneself, addressing children or close friends but not elders
អី ʔəy 1. what? {អីហ្នឹង?/អីគេ?/អីគេហ្នឹង? = what is this?/what?} {កាន់អីនៅនឹងដៃហ្នឹង? = What are [you] holding in [your] hand?}
2. something, anything {មានអីអត់ = Are you all right?/Is everything ok?/Did anything happen?} {ខ្ញុំទៅក្រៅញ៉ាំអី = I’m going out to eat something}
Notes: variant of អ្វី
កន្និកា kɑnnikaa female Cambodian name
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ខ្លះ klah some (serves as a plural marker with ណា​​ and អ្វី)
អញ្ចេះ ʔɑɲceh 1. like this
2. this, this much
ហៅ hav 1. to call, name
2. to order (e.g. in a restaurant), specif. to stop a vehicle
3. to send for, summon
4. to invite (guests)
តុំយ៉ាំ tomyam tom yam (a kind of hot and sour soup)
ម៉េចដែរ məc dae 1. How is it? How is it going?
2. What's up?
3. How is that? What do you think about that?
Notes: colloquial
ហ្នឹង nɨŋ this, that, right here, right now (colloquial form of នេះ = this, that)
ជូរ cuu 1. taste: sour
2. expression: bitter
ហឹរ həl, haə food: hot, spicy, peppery
អីចឹង ʔəycəŋ 1. like this, like that, in that way, then {គិតម៉េចទៅអីចឹង? = What are you going to do next?} {ធ្វើមុខអីអីចឹង? = Why are you making such a face?}
2. really?
Notes: variant: អ៊ីចឹង
ខ្ញុំ kɲom I
ដូច douc alike, similar, like, as
អត់សូវ ʔɑt səv not so much, rather not
ចូលចិត្ត coul cət to like, to prefer
Notes: ជើង ត
ផង pʰɑɑŋ 1. also, too, as well
2. marker indicating entreaty or a polite request: please ..., would you ...
អូ ʔou oh, aha (exclamation expressing sudden realization, or loss of doubt)
ឯង ʔaeŋ 1. you
2. self, oneself, by oneself
3. used after personal pronouns or names to make the address more polite
4. surely, obviously
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
អេ ʔee 1. hey!
2. spoken form of the question particles ... អត់? or ... ទេ?
3. spoken form of the negation particle ទេ
Notes: colloquial
អ៎ ʔɑɑ 1. particle used to form a yes/no question, similar to ឬ
2. exclamation indicating satisfaction or surprise
3. indicating something like surprise on part of the speaker that the listener might not be aware of some fact or past event {ម៉ាស៊ីនត្រជាក់ខូចតាំងពីម្សិលមិញអ៎។ = [Didn’t you know that] the A/C has been broken since yesterday!}
Notes: colloquial
ផ្សេង psejŋ to differ, to be different (from each other), to be separate
វិញ vɨɲ again, back, instead
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
សម្ល sɑmlɑɑ soup
ការី kaarii curry
អត់អីទេ ʔɑt ʔəy tee 1. it doesn't matter, it's all right
2. surely, certainly
Notes: see also មិនអីទេ
តាស taah 1. particle in final position when giving a positive answer to a yes/no question {កន្លែងនេះអង្គុយបានអេ៎? ចា៎ស បានតាស។ = Can I sit here? Sure!}
2. particle in final position used to affirm the preceding {ល្អតាស! = Sounds good!}
3. particle in final position after a negative response: expresses that the preceding is a correction of what the other person has said {ធារីមែន? អត់ទេ ខ្ញុំកញ្ញាតាស។ = You’re ធារី, right? No, I’m កញ្ញា!} {ឯងទៅសាលាមែន? អត់ទេ ខ្ញុំទៅផ្សារតាស។ = You’re going to school, right? No, I’m going to the market!}
Notes: colloquial; spoken form of ទេតើ
អូខេ ʔou kʰej OK
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other