Expressing disappointment at another’s misfortune — Dialogue 2


អំពីការប្រឡងចូលសាកលវិទ្យាល័យ
នារីកញ្ញា ម៉េចហ្នឹង? ធ្វើមុខអីអីចឹង?
កញ្ញាប្រឡងលើកមុនធ្លាក់បាត់ហើយអត់បានចូលសាលាល្អបណ្ដោយ
នារីកញ្ញាឯងខំប្រឹងរៀនប៉ុណ្ណឹងហើយធ្លាក់ទៀត! សាលាហ្នឹងអីក៏ពិបាកចូលម៉េះ? មិនដឹងត្រូវខំប៉ុណ្ណាទៀតទេខ្ញុំស្ដាយជំនួសកញ្ញាឯងម៉ងហើយនៀកហើយកញ្ញាឯងគិតម៉េចទៅអីចឹង?
កញ្ញាអត់ទាន់ដឹងទេនារី

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
អំពី ʔɑmpii 1. about, concerning, relative to
2. from, out of {អំពីថ្ងៃនេះទៅ = from this day on}
ការ kaa 1. work, occupation
2. business, affair, matter
3. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ប្រឡង prɑlɑɑŋ 1. examination, test
2. to take a test
ចូល coul 1. to enter, to go in
2. to agree with
សាកលវិទ្យាល័យ saakɑl vittyielay university
នារី nierii female Cambodian name
កញ្ញា kaɲɲaa female Cambodian name
ម៉េចហ្នឹង məc nɨŋ as a question: what's wrong?
Notes: colloquial
ធ្វើមុខ tvəə muk 1. to make a face {ធ្វើមុខអីអីចឹង? = Why are you making such a face?}
2. to put on make-up
អី ʔəy 1. what? {អីហ្នឹង?/អីគេ?/អីគេហ្នឹង? = what is this?/what?} {កាន់អីនៅនឹងដៃហ្នឹង? = What are [you] holding in [your] hand?}
2. something, anything {មានអីអត់ = Are you all right?/Is everything ok?/Did anything happen?} {ខ្ញុំទៅក្រៅញ៉ាំអី = I’m going out to eat something}
Notes: variant of អ្វី
អីចឹង ʔəycəŋ 1. like this, like that, in that way, then {គិតម៉េចទៅអីចឹង? = What are you going to do next?} {ធ្វើមុខអីអីចឹង? = Why are you making such a face?}
2. really?
Notes: variant: អ៊ីចឹង
លើកមុន lǝǝk mun last time
ធ្លាក់ tleak 1. to fall, to fall down
2. to fail (an examination)
បាត់ bat 1. to lose, to disappear
2. to stop, to be finished
3. already
4. sentence-final: expressing disappointment or that something is unfortunate
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
សាលា saalaa school
ល្អ lʔɑɑ 1. good, nice, beautiful, pretty
2. correct, proper
បណ្ដោយ bɑndaoy 1. sentence-final: [with a condition mentioned earlier], the result will be ... {អត់បាន ... បណ្ដោយ = won't be able to …} {ក្ដៅបណ្ដោយ = it will be hot today} {ឆ្ងាញ់មាត់បណ្ដោយ = it will be delicious}
2. sentence-final: expressing disappointment or that something is unfortunate
ឯង ʔaeŋ 1. you
2. self, oneself, by oneself
3. used after personal pronouns or names to make the address more polite
4. surely, obviously
ខំប្រឹង kʰɑm prəŋ to try hard, to make every effort
រៀន riən to study, to learn, to practice
ប៉ុណ្ណឹង ponnəŋ 1. this much, that much {ប៉ុណ្ណឹងសិនហើយអីចឹង = [on the phone] that's all for now}
2. so, that, like that
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
ហ្នឹង nɨŋ this, that, right here, right now (colloquial form of នេះ = this, that)
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
ពិបាក piʔbaak 1. difficult {ការទិញអីវ៉ាន់នៅខ្មែររៀងពិបាកបន្តិច = buying things in Cambodia is a bit difficult/not easy} {តែពិបាកត្រង់ ឆាប់ងងុយដេក = the problem is: I’m getting tired easily}
2. sad, poor, miserable
3. to suffer
ម៉េះ meh thus, so, in this way, this much
Notes: spoken form of ម្ល៉េះ
មិន mɨn negative particle not, non- (usually requires the final particle ទេ)
ដឹង dəŋ 1. to know, to be aware of, to be familiar with
2. [colloquial] can be used in the affirmative or, as an answer to a question, to mean ‘no’ {ដឹងហើយ = ok!} {ឯងដឹងថាគាត់ទៅណាអត់? ដឹង! = Do you know where he went to? No, I don’t.}
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
ខំ kʰɑm to make an effort, try hard
ប៉ុណ្ណា ponnaa however, to whatever extent, how(ever) many, how(ever) much
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
ខ្ញុំ kɲom I
ស្ដាយ sdaay to feel sorry, to regret, to pity
ជំនួស cumnuəh 1. instead of, in place of
2. to replace
3. replacement
ម៉ង mɑɑŋ spoken form of តែម្ដង = immediately, at once, directly
នៀក niək spoken forms of នេះ = this
Notes: colloquial
គិត kɨt 1. to think, to realize
2. to calculate
3. to charge
ម៉េច məc what (following a verb of saying), why, in what way/manner, how {ម៉េចហើយ?/ម៉េចអី? = What's up?} {[…] ម៉េចទៅ? = In what way […]?} {ថាម៉េចចៅ? = What are you saying, grand-daughter?} {បងចង់បានម៉ូតម៉េច? = What kind of design/fashion do you like?}
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
អត់ទាន់ ʔɑt toan not yet