Explaining how something works — Additional dialogue


ម៉ាក់ម៉ោកូន ម៉ាក់បង្រៀនឆាលត។ ... បើកហ្គាសនៅ? ទុកឲ្យខ្ទះក្ដៅតិចសិនក៏បាន ហើយចាំដាក់ប្រេង
កូនប្រេងប៉ុណ្ណឹងបានអេ៎ម៉ាក់?
ម៉ាក់ច្រើនជាងហ្នឹងតិច តិចបានហើយ។ ... ហ្នឹងហើយចាំឲ្យប្រេងក្ដៅតិចសិន ចាំដាក់លតចូលហើយត្រលប់វាចុះឡើងឲ្យសព្វ។ ... ហ្នឹងហើយ ធ្វើអីចឹង។ ... ដៃម្ខាងទៀតទប់ខ្ទះឲ្យនឹង កុំឲ្យវាប៉ាក់ប៉ើកហើយដៃស្ដាំកាន់វែកឲ្យចូលក្នុងតិច កុំកាន់នៅចុងពេក តែអីចឹងវាឆាប់ចុកដៃ
កូនឆាប៉ុណ្ណឹងបាននៅ ម៉ាក់?
ម៉ាក់ហ្នឹងហើយហើយដាក់គ្រឿងទៅស្ករ ទឹកស៊ីអ៊ីវ អីហ្នឹង
កូនម៉េចអត់ឡើងក្រហមដូចគេអីចឹងម៉ាក់?
ម៉ាក់ម៉ោពីមិនទាន់ដាក់ប្រេងខ្យងហ្នឹងអា៎ណេះ ដាក់ស្រោចពីលើហ្នឹងតិចទៅ ហើយត្រលប់វាចុះឡើង ម៉ាសន្ទុះទៅ វាឡើងក្រហមហើយ។ ... ឃើញអត់?
កូនចា៎ស

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
ម៉ាក់ mak mom, mommy
Notes: colloquial
ម៉ោ mao to come
Notes: spoken form of មក
កូន koun 1. child (of someone, as opposed to ក្មេង = child in general)
2. animal baby, young
3. small member of a class or set, small object {កូនថង់ = small bag}
បង្រៀន bɑŋriən to teach, to instruct, to train
ឆា cʰaa 1. to stir-fry (usually meat mixed with vegetables)
2. to try to do (something), to experiment, practice (doing something)
3. to break (up), crack, chip, splinter
4. to be cracked, chipped
5. to wipe the slate clean, to stop (e.g. a game, one's life) and begin again
លត lɔɔt kind of noodle (thick, about 2-3 cm long), usually stir-fried or used for desserts
បើក baək 1. to open {បើកប្រអប់ = to open a box} {បើកហាង = to open a shop}
2. to turn on (e.g., a light, faucet, radio) {បើកទឹកម៉ាស៊ីន = to turn on the water/faucet}
3. of the sun: to shine
4. to drive (an automobile), generally to operate a vehicle which is powered by an engine
ហ្គាស gaah gas
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ទុក tuk 1. to put, set, place, arrange
2. to set aside, keep, retain, save, preserve, maintain, conserve, hold (in reserve) {ទុកញ៉ាំ = to keep for eating later}
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
ខ្ទះ kteah large pan, frying pan, wok
ក្ដៅ kdav hot, warm
Notes: ជើង ដ
តិច təc 1. to be few (in number), small (in size or extent), less
2. a little bit, somewhat
3. phrase-final: makes a request more polite {ចង់ពឹងឲ្យជួយលើកអីវ៉ាន់តិច = Can you please help me carrying these things?} {ខ្ញុំសុំលអាវនេះតិចបានអេ៎? = Can I try on this shirt here, please?}
សិន sən final particle: for now, for the time being, for a moment, first
Notes: polite final hortatory particle
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ចាំ cam 1. to wait (for)
2. to remember, to memorize, to know by heart
3. phrase-initial: I will do [...] for you very soon/now {ចាំខ្ញុំយកឲ្យវិញបង = I’ll get it back for you} {ចាំខ្ញុំពន្យល់ពីរបៀបប្រើ = I’ll explain you how it works} {ចាំមើលណា = Let me see...}
ដាក់ dak 1. to put, place
2. to deposit
3. to add (ingredients)
4. to set (e.g., a trap)
5. to establish
6. to assign
7. to locate, settle, station
8. to lock up
9. to fasten
10. to use
11. to strike, hit hard
12. to affect
13. to subject someone to
14. to be hard hit, suffer a setback
15. to have bad luck, cause bad luck
16. to feel unwell, have an upset stomach (especially after eating certain fruits)
17. to contract for
18. to subscribe to
19. to renounce (a throne)
20. to put aside (religious vows)
21. in, into, on
22. to eat, drink
23. to kneel
24. command to an elephant to kneel by bending the rear legs
ប្រេង prejŋ oil
ប៉ុណ្ណឹង ponnəŋ 1. this much, that much {ប៉ុណ្ណឹងសិនហើយអីចឹង = [on the phone] that's all for now}
2. so, that, like that
អេ៎ ʔee 1. hey!
2. spoken form of the question particles ... អត់? or ... ទេ?
3. spoken form of the negation particle ទេ
Notes: colloquial
ច្រើន craən 1. much, many, numerous, very much
2. mostly, often
ជាង cieŋ 1. more than
2. marks the comparative degree of an adjective {ល្អជាង = better}
ហ្នឹង nɨŋ this, that, right here, right now (colloquial form of នេះ = this, that)
ហ្នឹងហើយ nɨŋ haǝy 1. yeah, yes, right, correct, that's correct
2. ok, all right
Notes: colloquial
ចូល coul 1. to enter, to go in
2. to agree with
ត្រលប់ trɑlɑp 1. to return
2. to turn around
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
ចុះឡើង coh laəŋ 1. to go up and down, go back and forth
2. up and down
សព្វ sɑp 1. each, every, all, everything, everyone
2. to be full, whole, entire
3. thoroughly, wholly
4. to be correct
5. to be loyal
ធ្វើ tvəə to do, to make, to work, to prepare, to cultivate (a field)
អីចឹង ʔəycəŋ 1. like this, like that, in that way, then {គិតម៉េចទៅអីចឹង? = What are you going to do next?} {ធ្វើមុខអីអីចឹង? = Why are you making such a face?}
2. really?
Notes: variant: អ៊ីចឹង
ដៃ day arm, hand
ម្ខាងទៀត mkʰaaŋ tiət the other side, the other one (of a pair)
ទប់ tup to bar, to block, to obstruct, to stop, to control, to dam up
នឹង nɨŋ to be fixed, steady, firm, stable, still, stagnant, unchanging, to be balanced, in equilibrium
កុំឲ្យ kom ʔaoy 1. in order that not ..., so as not to ...
2. don't let ...
ប៉ាក់ប៉ើក pak paək 1. nodding, rocking (of one's head)
2. in a nodding or rocking manner
ស្ដាំ sdam direction: right
Notes: ជើង ដ
កាន់ kan 1. to hold, carry in the hand, grasp, hang on to
2. to control, be in charge of, be responsible for
3. to withstand, support, sustain, bear
4. to hold to, believe in, keep/observe (e.g., a religion) {កាន់សាសនាព្រះពុទ្ធ = to believe in Buddhism}
5. (of a spirit) to possess
វែក vɛɛk 1. to separate, to move aside, to shove aside, to clear (the way)
2. ladle, scoop
3. scoop(ful), ladleful
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
កុំ kom do not ...
ចុង coŋ 1. end, extremity, tip {ចុងខែនេះ = end of this month}
2. to be last
ពេក peek too, too much, too many
តែ tae 1. but, however
2. only, just
3. tea
ឆាប់ cʰap 1. quick, quickly, promptly, right away
2. in haste, urgently
3. soon
4. early
ចុក cok 1. stomach ache
2. to feel sick at the stomach (gaseous, aching stomach)
3. to cork, stop up, to obstruct
4. to cram, stuff
5. to have a cramp, to hurt internally, to ache
គ្រឿង krɨəŋ 1. tool, instrument
2. ingredient, spice, seasoning
3. clf. for machines, vehicles etc.
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ស្ករ skɑɑ 1. sugar
2. candy, sweets
ទឹកស៊ីអ៊ីវ tɨk sii ʔiiv soy sauce
អី ʔəy 1. what? {អីហ្នឹង?/អីគេ?/អីគេហ្នឹង? = what is this?/what?} {កាន់អីនៅនឹងដៃហ្នឹង? = What are [you] holding in [your] hand?}
2. something, anything {មានអីអត់ = Are you all right?/Is everything ok?/Did anything happen?} {ខ្ញុំទៅក្រៅញ៉ាំអី = I’m going out to eat something}
Notes: variant of អ្វី
ម៉េច məc what (following a verb of saying), why, in what way/manner, how {ម៉េចហើយ?/ម៉េចអី? = What's up?} {[…] ម៉េចទៅ? = In what way […]?} {ថាម៉េចចៅ? = What are you saying, grand-daughter?} {បងចង់បានម៉ូតម៉េច? = What kind of design/fashion do you like?}
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ឡើង laəŋ 1. to go up, ascend
2. (of aircraft) to take off
3. to rise, get up
4. to climb
5. to get on/board (a means of transport)
6. to go upstream
7. to ferment, rise (of dough)
8. to increase
9. up, upwards
10. upstream
11. increasingly
12. on
13. often occurs as a verb complement in various meanings
ក្រហម krɑhɑɑm color: red
ដូច douc alike, similar, like, as
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
មិនទាន់ mɨn toan not yet
ខ្យង kcɑɑŋ, kyɑɑŋ mollusc, shell-fish, snail
អា៎ ʔaa 1. final particle used for emphasis {ខ្ញុំសង្ឃឹមថាឈ្នះហើយហ្នឹងអា៎ = I had hoped they would win!} {សៀវភៅចាស់ៗហ្នឹងអា៎ = Just old books!} {ម្នាក់ឯងធ្ងន់អា៎ = It's too heavy for one alone!} {ម៉ោពិសាសិនម៉ោបង មានច្រើនអា៎ = Come and eat, there's more than enough!}
2. spoken form of ហើយ {អស់ចាខ្វៃអា៎? = You don't have any youtiao anymore?}
3. spoken form of ណាស់ = very, very much {ខ្ញុំឃ្លានអា៎ = I’m very hungry}
ណេះ neh here (you are)!, here
Notes: variant of នេះ
ស្រោច sraoc 1. to sprinkle, spray, water, irrigate, pour
2. to bathe (someone)
3. to touch, hit
4. to concern
5. all together, unanimously
6. simultaneously (especially to complain)
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
ម៉ា maa one
Notes: spoken form of មួយ (contraction)
សន្ទុះ sɑntuh 1. a while, moment
2. leap, bound, burst, spurt
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
ចា៎ស caah 1. yes (used by women)
2. often merely a polite word of acknowledgment, especially at the beginning of a sentence
Notes: same as ចាស, but written with a diacritic to indicate high intonation