Asking for help 2 — Dialogue 2


កញ្ញាវុទ្ធី ថីហ្នឹង? ឈរធ្មឹងអីចឹង?
វុទ្ធីអូ កញ្ញា ជួយលើកអីវ៉ាន់នេះជាមួយខ្ញុំតិច បានអេ?
កញ្ញាបានតាសលើកយកទៅណាវិញ?
វុទ្ធីយកចូលក្នុងផ្ទះ

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
កញ្ញា kaɲɲaa female Cambodian name
វុទ្ធី vutʰii male Cambodian name
ថី tʰəy why? {ថីហ្នឹង? = What's up? What's going on?}
Notes: variant: ថ្វី
ហ្នឹង nɨŋ this, that, right here, right now (colloquial form of នេះ = this, that)
ឈរ cʰɔɔ to stand (up)
ធ្មឹង tmɨŋ 1. to be still, silent, transfixed
2. silently, taciturnly, still, immobile
អីចឹង ʔəycəŋ 1. like this, like that, in that way, then {គិតម៉េចទៅអីចឹង? = What are you going to do next?} {ធ្វើមុខអីអីចឹង? = Why are you making such a face?}
2. really?
Notes: variant: អ៊ីចឹង
អូ ʔou oh, aha (exclamation expressing sudden realization, or loss of doubt)
ជួយ cuəy to help, to assist
លើក lǝǝk 1. to lift, to raise {លើកដៃសំពះ = to raise the hands in a greeting or respectful gesture} {លើករបស់ = to lift something} {លើកទូរស័ព្ទ = to pick up the phone}
2. time, occasion, session {លើកមុន = last time}
អីវ៉ាន់ ʔəyvan objects, things, merchandise, goods, baggage
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
ជាមួយ cie muəy with
ខ្ញុំ kɲom I
តិច təc 1. to be few (in number), small (in size or extent), less
2. a little bit, somewhat
3. phrase-final: makes a request more polite {ចង់ពឹងឲ្យជួយលើកអីវ៉ាន់តិច = Can you please help me carrying these things?} {ខ្ញុំសុំលអាវនេះតិចបានអេ៎? = Can I try on this shirt here, please?}
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
អេ ʔee 1. hey!
2. spoken form of the question particles ... អត់? or ... ទេ?
3. spoken form of the negation particle ទេ
Notes: colloquial
តាស taah 1. particle in final position when giving a positive answer to a yes/no question {កន្លែងនេះអង្គុយបានអេ៎? ចា៎ស បានតាស។ = Can I sit here? Sure!}
2. particle in final position used to affirm the preceding {ល្អតាស! = Sounds good!}
3. particle in final position after a negative response: expresses that the preceding is a correction of what the other person has said {ធារីមែន? អត់ទេ ខ្ញុំកញ្ញាតាស។ = You’re ធារី, right? No, I’m កញ្ញា!} {ឯងទៅសាលាមែន? អត់ទេ ខ្ញុំទៅផ្សារតាស។ = You’re going to school, right? No, I’m going to the market!}
Notes: colloquial; spoken form of ទេតើ
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ណា naa 1. which, any
2. where, somewhere, anywhere
វិញ vɨɲ again, back, instead
ចូល coul 1. to enter, go in, penetrate
2. to approach
3. to reach
4. to begin, set in
5. may indicate the adverbial meaning of ‘inwardly’ or ‘forwardly’ directed movement
6. to enter into, subscribe to, contribute to
7. to take in (as revenue)
8. to mate (of animals)
9. to go into a trance (of a medium)
10. to possess (as a spirit possesses a medium)
11. to agree with
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
ផ្ទះ pteah house, home, residence, building