Asking “Do you have X?” — Cultural note


នៅពេលដែលធ្លាប់ទិញទំនិញដែលខ្លួនចង់បាននៅហាងណាមួយហើយពេញចិត្ត អតិថិជនច្រើនតែទៅទិញនៅទីនោះជាប្រចាំ ដែលភាសាសាមញ្ញហៅថាម៉ូយ”។ អ្នកលក់ច្រើនប្រើពាក្យថាលក់យកម៉ូយមានន័យថា គេលក់ឲ្យអតិថិជនម្នាក់នោះក្នុងតម្លៃថោកជាពិសេស ដើម្បីឲ្យគាត់មកជួយទិញទៀតនៅពេលក្រោយ

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of / to / in / at which / whom
3. the fact / reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever
ធ្លាប់ tloap 1. to become accustomed to, familiar with, to be used to
2. to have the habit/custom of
3. marker of continuous action in the past
ទិញ tɨɲ to buy
ទំនិញ tumnɨɲ goods, merchandise
ខ្លួន kluən 1. body, figure, person, self
2. reflexive pronoun: myself, yourself, himself etc.
ចង់ cɑŋ 1. to want, wish, desire
2. to need
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ហាង haaŋ store, shop
ណា naa 1. which, any
2. where, somewhere, anywhere
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ពេញចិត្ត pɨɲ cət to be pleased, satisfied, content
Notes: ជើង ត
អតិថិជន ʔaʔteʔtʰeʔ cɔɔn customer, client
Notes: formal
ច្រើនតែ craən tae mostly, usually, for the most part
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ទីនោះ tii nuh there, over there
ជាប្រចាំ cie prɑcam 1. regularly
2. permanently
ភាសា pʰiesaa 1. language
2. speech, words
សាមញ្ញ saamaɲ 1. to be ordinary, common, simple, universal, conventional
2. religious austerity
3. religious mendicancy
ហៅ hav 1. to call, name
2. to order (e.g. in a restaurant), specif. to stop a vehicle
3. to send for, summon
4. to invite (guests)
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
ម៉ូយ mouy regular customer/client/patient
អ្នកលក់ neak lʊək seller
ច្រើន craən 1. much, many, numerous, very much
2. mostly, often
ប្រើ praə to use
ពាក្យ piek word, term, expression, phrase
លក់ lʊək 1. to sell
2. asleep {ដេកលក់ = to be sound asleep, to sleep deeply} {ដេកមិនលក់ = to not be able to fall asleep, to have insomnia}
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
មានន័យ mien ney to mean
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
ម្នាក់ mneak 1. one person (contraction of មួយនាក់)
2. alone
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
តម្លៃ tɑmlay 1. price
2. value
ថោក tʰaok 1. to be cheap (of price or behavior), inexpensive
2. petty, trivial, inconsequential
ជាពិសេស cie piʔsejh especially
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
គាត់ koat he, she
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present
ជួយ cuəy to help, to assist
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
ក្រោយ kraoy 1. behind, after
2. next