Asking “Do you have X?” — Dialogue 2


ហាងលក់កាហ្វេ
អ្នកលក់បង ត្រូវការអីដែរ?
ភ្ញៀវរកទិញកាហ្វេមណ្ឌលគិរីរកប៉ុន្មានតូបហើយ អត់មានកន្លែងអូនឯងមានអេ៎?
អ្នកលក់កន្លែងខ្ញុំមានតាសបង
ភ្ញៀវនៅណា? សុំមើលតិចមើលវាមានច្រើនប្រភេទបងចង់បានអាប្រអប់វាពណ៌ខ្មៅអា៎ មានអេ៎?

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
ហាង haaŋ store, shop
លក់ lʊək 1. to sell
2. asleep {ដេកលក់ = to be sound asleep, to sleep deeply} {ដេកមិនលក់ = to not be able to fall asleep, to have insomnia}
កាហ្វេ kaafee coffee
អ្នកលក់ neak lʊək seller
បង bɑɑŋ 1. elder sibling
2. you (addressing an acquaintance, friend, elder sibling, or husband), or I (if elder than the addressee)
3. you (politely addressing a stranger who's not too much younger than oneself)
ត្រូវការ trəv kaa 1. to need, require, want
2. to be necessary, needed, required
អី ʔəy 1. what? {អីហ្នឹង?/អីគេ?/អីគេហ្នឹង? = what is this?/what?} {កាន់អីនៅនឹងដៃហ្នឹង? = What are [you] holding in [your] hand?}
2. something, anything {មានអីអត់ = Are you all right?/Is everything ok?/Did anything happen?} {ខ្ញុំទៅក្រៅញ៉ាំអី = I’m going out to eat something}
Notes: variant of អ្វី
ដែរ dae 1. also, too, likewise, in the same way
2. indeed, quite, rather
3. marks a polite, gentler, less abrupt statement: all the same, even so, nevertheless
ភ្ញៀវ pɲiəv 1. guest, visitor
2. client, customer
រក rɔɔk 1. to look, search for, seek
2. to look up (e.g., in a dictionary)
3. to see, to visit
4. to request, ask for, ask someone to do something
5. to think about, plan/intend to {រកទៅ … = I’m thinking of [doing sth.], I’m about to [do sth.]} {ខ្ញុំរកជម្រាបលាលោកអ៊ំសិនហើយ = I'm thinking of saying goodbye already, uncle} {ខ្ញុំគិតរកទៅសិនហើយណា = I'm thinking of going/I'm about to leave} {ខ្ញុំកំពុងរកចង់ព្យួររូបថតមួយនេះ = I’m about to hang up a picture here}
6. is about to {មេឃរកភ្លៀងតែអត់ភ្លៀងសោះ = the sky looks like it’s going to rain but it isn’t raining at all}
ទិញ tɨɲ to buy
មណ្ឌលគិរី mʊəndʊəl kiʔrii Mondolkiri (province in northeastern Cambodia)
ប៉ុន្មាន ponmaan 1. how much, how many
2. (in an affirmative context) some, several, a few, a certain number
3. (in a negative or indefinite context) (not) many, to any (great) extent
តូប toup 1. hut, cottage
2. kiosk, stand, stall
3. pavilion
4. small shrine
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
កន្លែង kɑnlaeŋ 1. place, location, region
2. clf. for locations
អូន ʔoun 1. I (younger brother, younger sister, sweetheart or wife - about themselves)
2. you (intimate or familiar address form for younger sibling, for one's wife or girl friend, or for a close friend who is younger)
3. you (politely addressing a stranger who's younger than oneself)
ឯង ʔaeŋ 1. you
2. self, oneself, by oneself
3. used after personal pronouns or names to make the address more polite
4. surely, obviously
អេ៎ ʔee 1. hey!
2. spoken form of the question particles ... អត់? or ... ទេ?
3. spoken form of the negation particle ទេ
Notes: colloquial
ខ្ញុំ kɲom I
តាស taah 1. particle in final position when giving a positive answer to a yes/no question {កន្លែងនេះអង្គុយបានអេ៎? ចា៎ស បានតាស។ = Can I sit here? Sure!}
2. particle in final position used to affirm the preceding {ល្អតាស! = Sounds good!}
3. particle in final position after a negative response: expresses that the preceding is a correction of what the other person has said {ធារីមែន? អត់ទេ ខ្ញុំកញ្ញាតាស។ = You’re ធារី, right? No, I’m កញ្ញា!} {ឯងទៅសាលាមែន? អត់ទេ ខ្ញុំទៅផ្សារតាស។ = You’re going to school, right? No, I’m going to the market!}
Notes: colloquial; spoken form of ទេតើ
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ណា naa 1. which, any
2. where, somewhere, anywhere
សុំ som to ask (for), to beg, to demand (may be used in a polite way by older persons to younger ones)
មើល məəl 1. to look at, to watch, to watch for, to observe
2. particle: come on, give it a try
3. let me see!
4. phrase-final: softens a command or request {ជួយបង្ហាញតិចមើល = Please show me!}
តិច təc 1. to be few (in number), small (in size or extent), less
2. a little bit, somewhat
3. phrase-final: makes a request more polite {ចង់ពឹងឲ្យជួយលើកអីវ៉ាន់តិច = Can you please help me carrying these things?} {ខ្ញុំសុំលអាវនេះតិចបានអេ៎? = Can I try on this shirt here, please?}
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
ច្រើន craən 1. much, many, numerous, very much
2. mostly, often
ប្រភេទ prɑpʰeet category, variety, class, kind, type, species, aspect, nature, characteristic
ចង់ cɑŋ 1. to want, wish, desire
2. to need
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
អា ʔaa 1. preceding nouns, noun phrases or adjectives in colloquial speech {អាមួយនោះមែន? = This one, right?} {អាពណ៌បៃតង = the green one} {មានតែអាទុំអេ៎ហ្ន៎? អត់មានអាខ្ចីអេ៎? = Do you only have ripe ones? You don’t have green ones?}
2. used preceding nouns, noun phrases or adjectives giving them a pejorative, derogatory or familiar meaning
ប្រអប់ prɑʔɑp (small) box, case
ពណ៌ poa color, complexion
ខ្មៅ kmav black, dark (colored)
អា៎ ʔaa 1. final particle used for emphasis {ខ្ញុំសង្ឃឹមថាឈ្នះហើយហ្នឹងអា៎ = I had hoped they would win!} {សៀវភៅចាស់ៗហ្នឹងអា៎ = Just old books!} {ម្នាក់ឯងធ្ងន់អា៎ = It's too heavy for one alone!} {ម៉ោពិសាសិនម៉ោបង មានច្រើនអា៎ = Come and eat, there's more than enough!}
2. spoken form of ហើយ {អស់ចាខ្វៃអា៎? = You don't have any youtiao anymore?}
3. spoken form of ណាស់ = very, very much {ខ្ញុំឃ្លានអា៎ = I’m very hungry}